Timothy Joel McGrew
Updated November 5, 2015
Ph.D. in Philosophy, 1992
M.A. in Philosophy, 1991
B.A. in Philosophy (summa cum laude), 1988
University of Scranton,
Fall 2005 to Summer 2009
and Summer 2015 to present: Professor and Chairman, Department of Philosophy, Western Michigan University
Fall 2009 to Summer 2015:
Professor, Department of Philosophy, Western
Fall 1999 to Fall 2005:
Associate Prof. of Philosophy, Western
Fall 1995 to Fall 1999: Assistant Prof. of
Fall 1992 to Spring 1995:
Assistant Prof. of Philosophy, Washington
Areas of Specialization:
Epistemology: foundationalism; internalist and externalist
theories of epistemic justification; theories of rationality; a priori
knowledge; objectivity and relativism; formal and performative self-refutation;
perceptual knowledge and the given; metaepistemology
Philosophy of Science: models of explanation;
simplicity; probability, falsifiability and rational theory choice; history of
science and rational reconstruction; logic, realism and contemporary physics;
the mathematics and philosophy of cosmological fine-tuning
and statistical inference; Bayesian confirmation theory; probabilistic models
of explanatory reasoning
History of Science: physics in Islam in the
middle ages; astronomy and dynamics from Aristotle through Newton; particles,
waves and the development of optics (1660-1850); the fall of the ether theory
and the advent of relativity
Philosophy of Religion: historical arguments
for and against miracle claims; natural theology and atheology; ramified
Other Areas of Competence:
History of Modern Philosophy: Descartes and the
rationalist revolt against scholasticism; the way of ideas; the British
empiricists and the revolution in science; controversies regarding innate
ideas; the deist controversy in the 18th century
Logic and Philosophy of Logic: history of logic;
logical syntax and formal semantics; type theory and logical paradoxes;
non-Tarskian semantics and limited self-reference; deviant logics; analyticity;
theories of truth; philosophical interpretations of modal and quasi-modal
Metaphysics and Philosophy of Mind: freedom and
determinism; dualism and the mind/body problem; functionalism and AI;
causality, teleology and the existence of God; universals and abstract
entities; nominalism, essentialism and quantified modal logic; antirealism and
the nature of truth
Philosophy of Science: An
Historical Anthology. Co-edited with Marc Alspector-Kelly and Fritz
Allhoff. Blackwell, 2009.
Internalism and Epistemology:
The Architecture of Reason. With Lydia
McGrew. Routledge, 2007.
The Foundations of
Littlefield Adams Books, 1995.
Brooke Foss Westcott, The Gospel of the
OH: DeWard, 2012).
and Book Chapters
“The Argument from Silence.” Acta
Analytica 29 (2014), pp. 215-28.
“There are Serious Reasons for Belief
in the Existence of God.” In Corey Miller and Paul Gould, eds., Is Faith in God Reasonable? (New York:
Routledge, 2014), pp. 97-111.
“Faith and Reason in Historical
Perspective.” With David Marshall. In Tom Gilson and Carson Weitnauer, eds., True
Reason (Grand Rapids:
“Natural Theology and the Uses of
Argument.” With John DePoe. Philosophia Christi 15 (2013), pp. 299-309.
“Inference, Method, and History.” Southeastern
Theological Review 3 (2012), pp.
“The Reliability of Witnesses and
Testimony to the Miraculous.” With Lydia McGrew. In Jake Chandler and
Victoria Harrison, eds., Probability in the
Philosophy of Religion (Oxford: Oxford University
Press, 2012), pp. 46-63.
“Evidence.” In Sven Bernecker and Duncan Pritchard,
eds., The Routledge Companion to
Epistemology, 2011, pp. 58-67.
“Miracles.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
October 11, 2010.
“The Argument from Miracles.” With Lydia McGrew.
In William Lane Craig and J.P. Moreland, eds. The Blackwell Companion to Natural Theology, 2009.
Probability, and Mutual Support.”
McGrew. Erkenntnis 68 (2008), pp.
“On the Historical Argument: A Rejoinder to Plantinga.”
With Lydia McGrew. Philosophia Christi
8 (2006), pp. 23-38.
Response to Robin Collins and Alexander R. Pruss.” With Lydia McGrew. Philosophia
Christi 7 (2005), pp. 425-43
a Rational Reconstruction of Design Inferences.” Philosophia Christi 7
(2005), pp. 253-98.
Plantinga Refuted the Historical Argument?” Philosophia
Christi 6 (2004), pp. 7-26.
Heuristics, and Explanatory Reasoning.” British
Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (2003), pp. 553-67.
and the Fine Tuning Argument: A Sceptical View.” With Lydia McGrew and Eric
Vestrup. Mind 110 (2001): 1027-37. Anthologized in Neil A. Manson, ed., God
and Design: The Teleological Argument and Modern Science. Routledge, 2003.
Inference and the Problem of Induction.” The Monist 84 (2001), pp.
153-74. An expanded version of this paper is anthologized in Henry Kyburg and
Mariam Thalos, eds., Probability is the Very Guide of Life: The
Philosophical Uses of Chance. Open Court, 2003.
Wrong with Epistemic Circularity.” With Lydia McGrew. Dialogue 39
(2000), pp. 219-39.
Transitivity and Confirmation.” With Lydia McGrew. Journal of Philosophical
Research 25 (2000), pp. 47-66.
Foundationalists do Crossword Puzzles.” Philosophical Studies 96 (1999),
for Armchair Philosophers.” With Lydia McGrew. Idealistic Studies 28
(1998), pp. 147-57.
Defense of Classical Foundationalism.” In Louis Pojman, The Theory of
Knowledge: Classical and Contemporary Readings, 2nd ed. (Belmont, CA:
Simulation of Expertise: Deeper Blue and the Riddle of Human Cognition.” Origins
and Design 19 (Summer 1998).
and the Collapse of the Gettier Problem.” With Lydia McGrew. Journal of Philosophical Research 23
(1998), pp. 239-56.
in Islam.” In Helaine Selin, ed., The Encyclopaedia of the History of
Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Kluwer Academic
Intelligence.” Internet Computing, May/June 1997.
Connections in Epistemology.” With Lydia McGrew. American Philosophical
Quarterly 34 (1997), pp. 85-94.
Two Envelope Paradox Resolved.” With Harry Silverstein and David Shier. Analysis
57 (1997), pp. 28-33.
Cheers for Bayes’s Theorem.” Analysis 55 (1995).
Postscript to Kuhn.” The Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy, May
Innate Ideas.” History of Philosophy Quarterly, July 1992.
Missing Link: Aquinas and Kant Revisited.” Dialogue, October 1987.
“Review of Robert Fogelin, A Defense of Hume on Miracles.” Mind 114 (2005), pp. 145-49.
of Albert Casullo, A Priori Justification.”
International Philosophical Quarterly 44 (2004), pp. 441-42.
“Review of Richard Swinburne, Epistemic Justification.”
Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews
“Review of Michael Huemer, Skepticism and the Veil of
Perception.” Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews (2002).
of Dean Overman, A Case Against Accident and Self-Organization.” Philosophia
Christi (1999), pp. 154-56.
of The Philosophy of W. V. Quine.” Dialogue, April 1988.
“Special Divine Action: The State of the Art and
the Uses of History.” Presented at Oxford University, June 2014.
the History of the Discussion.” Presented at the meeting on Special Divine
Action sponsored by the John Templeton Foundation, March 2012.
Doubt, and Miracles.” Presented at New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary,
January 8, 2012.
Atheists, Old Atheists, and Old Apologists.” Presented at the Evangelical Philosophical
Association meeting, New Orleans, LA, November 20, 2009.
Reliability of Witnesses and Testimony to the Miraculous.” With Lydia McGrew.
Presented at Formal Methods in the Epistemology of Religion, Leuven, Belgium,
June 11, 2009.
Argument Against Miracles: Then and Now.” Hope College, October 3, 2006
“Scholarship as a
Vocation,” Hope College, October 3, 2006
Conditioning as a Model of Synchronic Mutual Support Relations.” With Lydia
McGrew. Presented at the Formal Epistemology Workshop, Berkeley, CA, May, 2006.
and Normalizability.” Presented at the APA Central Division Meeting, April,
2006, Chicago, IL.
Plantinga Refuted the Historical Argument?” Plenary address presented by
invitation to the Pacific Division meeting of the Society of Christian
Philosophers, Los Angeles, CA, February 28, 2004.
and Continuity in Ancient and Medieval Thought.” Presented by invitation to the
History of Mathematics Colloquium, Department of Mathematics, Western Michigan
University, November 7, 2003.
the Rational Reconstruction of the Fine-Tuning Argument.” Presented at the Notre
Dame Workshop on the Mathematics and Philosophy of Cosmic Fine-Tuning, April
Holmes: Mathematician.” Presented by invitation to the WMU chapter of Pi Mu
Epsilon, the national math honor society, March 21, 2003.
Heuristics, and Explanatory Reasoning.” Presented by invitation as the Sievert Lecture
to the Department of Philosophy at the University of Iowa, October 25, 2002.
of the Mind: the Art of Memory in the Middle Ages.” Presented by invitation to
the Honors Program at Ashland University, September 20, 2002.
Sensible World: the Critical Tradition in Medieval Science.” Presented by
invitation to the Honors Program at Ashland University, September 19, 2002.
a Rational Reconstruction of Design Inferences.” Presented at the Models of
Design symposium at Calvin College, May 2001.
Logic of Design Inferences.” Presented by invitation at Ashland University,
April 6, 2001.
Afraid of the Problem of Induction?” Presented by invitation at Ashland
University, April 6, 2001.
and Anthropic Coincidences.” With Eric Vestrup. Presented at the Notre Dame Colloquium
on Cosmic Fine-Tuning, July 22, 2000.
and the Fine-Tuning Argument.” With Eric Vestrup. Presented at the conference on
Design and its Critics at Concordia University, June 24, 2000.
Theory and the New Paradox of the Lottery.” Comments on Evan Fales, “The Fix is
In (You can bet on it): A Lottery Paradox.” Presented at the meeting of the
Central States Philosophical Association, October 17, 1998.
and Aesthetic Truth.” Presented to the faculty of Cornerstone College, November
Defense of Dualism.” Presented at the Midwestern Metaphysics Meeting, Notre
Dame, August 1997.
Foundationalists Do Crossword Puzzles.” Invited lecture at Wayne State
University, April 11, 1996.
Logics and Quantum Theory.” Presented at the Inland Empire Philosophy
Colloquium, April 24, 1993.
and the Limits of Imagination.” Presented at the 44th annual Northwest Conference
on Philosophy, November 7, 1992.
Not to Save Scientific Realism.” Comments on Mohammed Elsamahi, “Can Scientific
Entities Save Realism?” Presented at the 44th annual Northwest Conference on
Philosophy, November 6, 1992.
Analysis and the Definition of Knowledge.” Comments on Rudy Garns, “Epistemology
and the Concept of Knowledge.” Presented at the annual Southern Society for
Philosophy meeting, March 14, 1992.
Progress, Relativism and Self-Refutation.” Presented at the 1991 conference of
the Tennessee Philosophical Association, November 16, 1991.
Intention and Interpretive Autonomy.” Presented at the Vanderbilt University
Philosophy Colloquium, September 20, 1991.
Frankfurt on Descartes.” Presented at the 1989 conference of the Tennessee
Philosophical Association, November 3, 1989.
the Logic of Theoretical Inquiry.” Presented at the Phi Sigma Tau
Philosophy Forum of the University of Scranton, October 16, 1986.
and Kant: A Quest for Unity.” Presented at the 1986 conference of the Eastern
Pennsylvania Philosophical Association at Albright College, April 12, 1986.
Editorial positions: I am on the board of editors
for Religious Studies and Studia Neoaristotelica.
Reviewing: I do ongoing journal referee for several respected journals
including British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Dialogue
(Canada), Synthese, Journal of Philosophical Research, and Philosophy
and Phenomenological Research, and Religious Studies.
Reviewing: by invitation, referee of book manuscripts in epistemology and
philosophy of science for several publishers including Blackwell, Broadview,
Cambridge University Press, Mayfield, and Wadsworth.
Chairman of the Department of Philosophy, July 2014
of Graduate Teaching, Fall 2009-2013.
of the Department of Philosophy, July 2005 to June 2009.
program recruitment, 2001 to 2013.
of Graduate Studies, 2002 to Winter 2005.
Curriculum Committee, Fall 1998 to Winter 2002.
Thesis Director, Matthew Hillman, Spring 2012. (Thesis completed and defended
Director, Tony Givhan, Spring 2000. (Thesis completed and defended on time.)
Director, Marshall Willman, 1999. (Thesis completed and defended on time.)
Director, Richard Van Every, 1997. (Thesis completed and defended on time.)
Graduate Advisor, Fall 1997 to 2005.
Scholarship Competition judge, Spring 1997.
Special Divine Action grant from the John Templeton
Foundation: American co-PI. January 2014 to present.
recipient, 2000-1, 2001-2, 2002-3, 2003-4.
Appreciation Award, Western Michigan University, 1998.
Merit Award, Western Michigan University, 1997.
Merit Award, Western Michigan University, 1996.
J. Matchette Award for Excellence in Teaching, Vanderbilt University, 1991.
Center for Semiotic and Cognitive Studies Grant to attend the International
Conference on Willard V. O. Quine’s Contribution to Philosophy, Republic of San
Marino, May 21-26, 1990.
Graduate Fellowship, Vanderbilt University, 1988-1992.
Award for Excellence in Philosophy, University of Scranton, 1988.
Place, Phi Sigma Tau essay contest, “Patterns of Interpretation,”
University of Scranton, 1987.
Sigma Nu (National Jesuit Honor Society),
elected October, 1986.
Sigma Tau (National Philosophy Honor Society),
elected May, 1986; president, Scranton chapter, 1986-1987.