English 6780 Topics in English Education, Fall 2019
Teaching Multicultural Literature:
Toward a Futurism Pedagogy?
"Instead of the past it is the future that haunts us now."
- Louise Erdrich in Future Home of the Living God
“Is our future a thing of the past?
- father in Sleep Dealer directed by Alex Rivera
Early in the 20th Century, emerging in Italy and spreading across Europe, Futurism was an artistic and social movement that explored modernity, youth, new technologies, new modes of industry and transport.
In the 21st Century, ethnic Futurisms, including Afrofuturism, Indigenous Futurism, and Chicano / Latin@ Futurism, are emerging to challenge dominant paradigms, assert the persistence, indeed resurgence, of previously marginalized groups, resist Western ways of knowing and ordering society, challenge rationality/reason/capitalism as inherent in the colonial project, and resist nature vs culture binaries and existing definitions of what it means to be human.
These new futurisms disrupt notions of dystopia as new or impending, instead emphasizing how military/police states, surveillance, social and environmental collapse and reconfiguration permeate the past and present.
They confront frightening futures and offer ways of seeing and being that might allow coping, even transforming possibilities in the present.
In Postcolonial Ecocriticism, Huggan and Tiffan write, “Global warming requires not just new ways of thinking beyond the human, but also a renewed attention to the long histories of slavery and colonialism, which need to be rethought in ecological terms... New ethnic futurisms is doing this kind of work.
In a provisional and experimental way, this seminar will explore the pedagogical implications of the new futurisms. If multicultural, antiracist education has traditionally focused on understanding the present through the lens of the past, I wonder if futurism might allow us to see the past through the lens of the future, and, constructively, prepare us to live in the present with the future in mind.
The syllabus remains underconstruction as our understanding evolves.
The seminar welcomes and will be relevant to graduate students in English in literature, creative writing, writing studies, English education, and education generally. The seminar will support teaching relevant to diverse disciplines and interests.
Teachers need to be informed what is happening in their local communities and around the world. Students in this class are expected to read from a variety of news sources and are invited to bring issues to our class for discussion. WMU provides a free NYT subscription.
Since the seminar is discussion-based, attendance and preparation are essential to your own learning and to the learning of your classmates. Missing more than two weeks of the seminar will lower your grade and missing 3 or more may lead to failing. Study my philosophy regarding discussion, preparation, participation, attendance, grading, and learning -- and consider your own philosophy!
Your final course grade will be an average of grades for the major assignments,
listed and weighted below. At the hour scheduled for the final exam students
will present their final project.
1. Look at previous seminars, 6100 & 6780, prepare to read Lagoon
Sept 16: Afrofuturism
1. Read carefully through the entire on-line syllabus. Bring any questions about the syllabus and assignments to class.
2. Join our class phone message system, Remind. If you have a smartphone go to this page in your web browser and follow instructions: rmd.at/4bb266. If you don't have a smart phone text "@4bb266" to this number "81010". If you don't have a cell phone go to rmd.at/4bb266 and sign up for email notification.
1. Read a work of African or African American literature or a new work of Afrofuturism and prepare an oral and written report for the class making connections and proposing teaching ideas.
Works you might choose from: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, Things Fall Apart (Achebe), Efuru (Nwapa), Palm Wine Drinkard (Tutuola), Famished Road (Okri), So Long a Letter (Ba), Oil on Water (Habila), Beloved (Toni Morrison), I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (Angelou), Praisesong for the Widow (Marshall),
Works with a futuristic element: Flight to Canada (Ishmail Reed), Mulatto (Langston Hughes)
Afrofuturism: Black Panther (film), A Blade So Black (McKinney), Children of Blood and Bone (Adeyemi), Akata Witch (Okorafor),
Akata Warriorem (Okorafor),
Children of Virtue and Vengeance (Adeyemi),
The Belles (Clayton),
The Jumbies (Baptiste),
Dread Nation (Ireland), Moxyland & Zoo City (Beukes), AfroSF, 2015 online issue of Jalada Africa "AfroFutures 02" short story collection, Afro-futurist film from Africa including: District 9 (South Africa),
Pumzi (short from East Africa), Crumbs (Ethiopia). Afrofuturist Music
Oct 7: Futurism and Pedagogy Theory
1. Read these theoretical works and write a couple pages of comparing two of them:
Afrofuturism: The World of Black Sci-Fi and Fantasy Culture
by Ytasha Womack
Altermundos: Latin@ Specultive Literature, Film, and Popular Culture by Catherine Merla-Watson
The Dark Fantastic: Race the Imagination by Ebony Thomas
"Burning Books and Destroying People: How the World Became Divided Between Rich and Poor Countries." By Bob Peterson from Rethinking Globalization: Teaching For Justice in an Unjust World, Rethinking Schools, 2002. (short history, not "theory")
"Where is Here?" Chapter 1 from John Willinsky, Learning to Divide the World: Education at Empire's End, 1998.
“Finding the Future" from What is Curriculum Theory? Second Edition, Bill Pinar, 2012.
I Won't Learn from You! Herbert Kohl
Oct 14: Indigenous Futurism
1. Read: The Marrow Thieves by Cherie Dimaline
2. Read: "Journal of an Emigrating Party of Pottawatomie Indians, 1838"
3. Read: “Thoughts on Teaching Native American Literature" Joseph Bruchac
Oct 21: Indigenous Futurism, continued
1. Read: Walking the Clouds: An Anthology of Indigenous Science Fiction
2. "Prisoner of Haiku" Gordon Henry, "The Return of the Buffalo" Leslie Marmon Silko
Oct 28: Indigenous Futurism, continued
1. Read a work of Native American literature or a new work of Indigenous futurism and prepare an oral and written report for the class making connections and proposing teaching ideas.
Works you might choose from: Life Amont the Piutes, Way to Rainy Mountain, Morning Girl, Fools Crow, Mean Spirit, Slash, Tonto and the Lone Ranger Fist Fight in Heaven, Katie suggests American Indians in Children's Literature as a good resource for finding materials
Indigenous Futurism: Furture Home of the Living God (Erdrich)
Nov 4: Comparing Futurism Genres
1. Choose two or more works of ethnic futurism from different genres (literature, visual arts, music, clothing, design, etc.), write a few of pages comparing them and suggesting ideas for teaching about them, and plan to share with the class what you have learned.
2. Start writing your final project and plan to share some of your ideas with the class.
Nov 11: Chicano & Latin@ Futurism
1. View Sleep Dealer directed by Alex Rivera, available on Amazon Prime Video.
2. Read Lunar Braceros, 2125-2148 by Rosaura Sanchez and Beatrice Pita
3. Read "Contrapuntal Cyborgs?: The Ideological Limits and Revolutionary Potential of Latin@ Science Fiction" by BV Olguin.
Nov 18: Chicano & Latin@ Futurism continued
1. Read: "Afro-Futurism-Chicano Futurism" by Ramirez
2. Read/view: Los Vendidos by Luis Valdez & Teatro Campesino / television/video reproductions
3. Read / View: performance pieces by Guillermo Gomez-PeÃƒÂ±a
Nov 25: Chicano & Latin@ Futurism continued
1. Read a work of Chicano literature or a new work of Chicano or Latino Futurism and prepare an oral and written report for the class making connections and proposing teaching ideas
Chicano Literature you might read: And the Earth Did Not Devour Him
Chicano/Latino Futurism you might read: Shadowshaper, Danie Jose Older (urban, latino) Summer Prince Alaya Dawn Johnson, Brazil, More Happy Than Not, Adam Silva
Extraction by Stephanie Diaz,
Dealing in Dreams by Lilliam Rivera
Honor Among Thieves by Ann Aguirre and Rachel Caine,
Infomocracy by Malka Older,
Ambassador by William Alexander