Research

Living in Power

I would love to live in the shoes of the people who were the main “winners” during the second industrial revolution. The people living in power were living good although the poor were only getting poorer. If I could be as rich as them without messing over people’s lives I would defiantly change and make the would grow in power for my benefit. Stimulating growth and change are key essentials to life. Different aspects in life go through those key essentials in order to develop and prosper. A period in time where development was in its prime was during a period known as the Second Industrial Revolution That period in history was quite important due to the fact that technological and economic advancement began to progress tremendously. “Some have seen ‘revolution’ as shorthand for large-scale structural change in the economy; such a dramatic word is used to highlight the extent of the changes. In this view, the Industrial Revolution was a continuation of earlier change” (More).

 Even though great advancements were coming around, there were still many issues faced. One of the biggest problems during the Second Industrial Revolution was that the rich were getting richer and the poor were only getting poorer. Many factories and industries were uprising during this revolution and unfortunately impacted many workers negatively. Production spurted ahead in old industries like textiles as well as in newer ones like iron and steel, and electricity (where the most rapid growth occurred) (Antoine).

 

Although, many did not get to experience the new advancements and what the world was becoming, there was quite a handful that did. What is meant by the “Second Industrial Revolution” is defined by the uprising in areas such as railroads, steel, oil, electricity, buildings such as skyscrapers and even meat packing. Railroads became such a major industry due to the fact that goods were able to be transported to and from different places faster. Railroads became a huge mass movement, because they allowed people to travel as well. The railroads connected from east to west, and that mass movement was only the beginning. Another industry that seemed to offer benefits when traveling was the meat packing industry. Gustavae Swift made it so that meat can be kept fresh when traveling. He created the refrigerated rail cart, and people no longer had to worry so much whether or not their meet will spoil when traveling. Another way of transportation that finally evolved due to electricity was the subway also allowed the availability to heat and light. Subways became a way of transportation in London during the 1860s, Budapest in 1896, and in Paris in 1900. With new advancements, came new ways of life and the Second Industrial Revolution showed first hand, all of the good that changes could bring.

Many countries contributed at the time of the Second Industrial Revolution effecting majority of countries in Western Europe and North America. Different countries resulted in totally opposite ways, some positives and some negatives. Over in Paris, Gustave Eiffel created the Colossus of Paris in 1889 which is known as the Eiffel Tower today. He was a sculptor and by demonstrating what could be done with steel he ended up making a beautiful sky scraper which symbolized the triumph of the industrial revolution. In Italy religious controversy came about Catholics being treated better and earning more money than non-Catholics.

            Another big industry during that time was the steel industry. Henry Bessemer developed a new process of making steel, that was quicker, cheaper, and in a durable way where it did not lose its strength. Henry Bessemer was an inventor, not an investor, and that is where Andrew Carnege came along. Carnege took over the industry by simply modifying it which ends up making him a boat load. The oil industry became a major big industry with John D. Rockefeller behind it. Rockefeller gained money and power by using a system known as monopolizing. He bought out other oil companies to make sure he was the standard oil company, which worked overall and made him top dog. Even though those people were behind some of the great advancements of that period, they were also the root of the problem as well. Their actions were what lead the bad amongst the Second Industrial Revolution outweigh the good.

 

Reference List

·         More, Charles. Understanding the industrial revolution. Routledge, 2002. eBook.

·         Antonie, Joseph. Skilled Workers’ Solidarity . 2000. eBook.

·         Jenson, Micheal. The Modern Industrial Revolution, Exit, and the Failure of Internal Control Systems. 1993. eBook.

·          Second Industrail Revolution. 2003. Print. <http://library.thinkquest.org/C0116084/IR2.htm>.

·         Faruque, Salauddine. Second Industrail Revolution. 2007. Print. <http://www.studygroup-bd.org/industrial-revolution-2.html>.

·         Kasa, Sjur. Industrial Revolutions and Environmental Problems . eBook. <http://www.cas.uio.no/Publications/Seminar/Confluence_Kasa.pdf>.