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Liber Psalmorum
IUXTA SEPTUAGINTA EMENDATUS

(Biblia sacra iuxta vulgatam versionem,Robert Weber et al., eds., Stuttgart, 1983)

Psalmus 1

Beatus vir qui non abiit in consilio impiorum
et in via peccatorum non stetit
et in cathedra pestilentiae non sedit
2 sed in lege Domini voluntas eius
et in lege eius meditabitur die ac nocte
3 et erit tamquam lignum
quod plantatum est secus decursus aquarum
quod fructum suum dabit in tempore suo
et folium eius non defluet
et omnia quaecumque faciet prosperabuntur
4 non sic impii non sic:
sed tamquam pulvis quem proicit ventus a facie terrae:
5 ideo non resurgent impii in iudicio
neque peccatores in consilio iustorum
6 quoniam novit Dominus viam iustorum
et iter impiorum peribit

 


Notes:

1. Abiit, stetit, sedit. See "gnomic perfect," in Allen and Greenough.

2. What prepositions are used with meditor in Classical Latin?

3. Plantatum est (verse 3). Cf. "quia fecisti hoc maledictus es" (Gen. 3.14).

4. Suum, suo, eius (verse 3). What is the difference in usage? To what does each refer here?


Study Questions:

1. From what language does the word cathedra come into Latin? Where and on what occasions was a cathedra used in ancient pagan Rome?

2. Typical of much Hebrew poetry, verse 6 has a chiastic structure, in which parallel elements are presented in reverse order (i.e. like the Greek letter "chi" which resembles our letter "X," the lower half a mirror image of the upper). What are the elements in the chiasmus here?

Elements conceptually opposite can be written in parallel order to emphasize the contrast. What contrasts are brought out in this verse?

3. Commenting on verse one, Augustine writes:

Deinde considerandus est ordo verborum, abiit, stetit, sedit. Abiit enim ille cum recessit a Deo, stetit cum delectatus est peccato, sedit cum in sua superbia confirmatus redire non potuit, nisi per eum liberatus qui neque abiit in consilio impiorum, nec in via peccatorum stetit, nec in cathedra pestilentiae sedit. (Enarrationes in Psalmos)

In what direction does Augustine take the scripture in his interpretation? What early Christian attitudes and practices are reflected in these comments?

 

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