William W. Liou, Ph.D.

Publications


Book/Chapters

2016:

Emerging Trends in Applications and Infrastructures for Computational Biology, Bioinformatics, and Systems Biology – Systems and Applications. Chapter 10: Effects of excessive water intake on body-fluid homeostasis and the cardiovascular system – A computer simulation. Y. Zhang, W.W. Liou, and V. Gupta, Elsevier Inc, 2016.

2014/2008:

Encyclopedia of Micro- and Nanofluidics. Sole Contributer to Chaotic Flows and Monte Carlo Method. Co-Contributer to Non-Continuum Approach. Springer-Verlag, New York, 2008, 2014.

2005:

Microfluid Mechanics, William W. Liou and Yichuan Fang, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2005.

 


Technical Papers

2016:

W.W.Liou, Y.Yang, G.R. Petersen-Fitts, D.J. Lombardo, S.Stine, V.Sabesan, “Effect of Lateralized design on Muscle and Joint Reactive Forces for Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty, “. Accepted for publication in Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery (2016)

Sabesan, G.Petersen-Fitts, W.Liou, Y.Yang,S.Stine “Shoulder-Kinematics and Mechanics,” V, Orthopaedic Research Society 2016 Annual Meeting, poster presentation, 2016.

D.Lombardo, Y. Yang, W.W.Liou, C.Frank, V.Sabesan “Biomechanical analysis of commercially available RSA Design,”. Presentation at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting 2016.

2015:

W.W. Liou and Y.Yang “Numerical study of low-Reynolds number flow over rotating rigid helix: an investigation of the unsteady hydrodynamic forceFluid Dynamics Research, 4 (47) (2015)

Y. Zhang, W.W. Liou, and V. Gupta “Modeling of high sodium intake effects on left ventricular hypertrophyComputer in Biology and Medicine, 58, 31-39 (2015).

2014:

J.D. Eldredge, I. Senocak, P. Dawson, J. Canino, W.W. Liou, R. LeBeau, D.L. Hitt, M.P. Pumpfkeil, and R.M. Cummings, “A best practices guide to CFD education in the undergraduate curriculumInternational Journal of Aerodynamics, 4, 200-236 (2014).

O.O. Bamiro and W.W. Liou “A direct heating immersed boundary-lattice Boltzmann method for thermal flows International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, 24, 169-200 (2014).

P.Jalilian, P.K. Kreun, M.M. Makhmalbaf, and W.W. Liou “Computational aerodynamics of baseball, soccer ball, and volleyballAmerican Journal of Sports Science, 2(5), 115-121 (2014).

2013:

Y.Yang, W.W. Liou, J.Sheng, D.Gorsich, and S.Arepally, “Shock wave impact simulations of a vehicle occupant using fluid/structure/dynamics interactions," International Journal of Impact Engineering, 52, 11-22 (2013).

I. Tan and W.W. Liou, “Performance and emission of a biofueled micro turbojet,” 51st AIAA Aerospace Science Meeting, Grapevine, Texas. AIAA-2013-0110.

2012:

Y.Yang and W.W.Liou, “Computational study of compressive loading of carbon nanotubes using quasi-continuum methodJournal of Computational Science, 3, 142-149 (2012).

2011:

Y. Peng, W.W. Liou, and P. Parker, “Analytical investigation of free surface flow in multi-layer porous mediaColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 380, 213-221 (2011)

Y.Yang and W.W. Liou, J.Sheng, D.Gorsich, S.Arepally. “Shock wave impact simulations using fluid/structure/dynamics interactions", SAE 2011 World Congress & Exhibition. SAE 2011-01-0258.

E. Tan and W.W. Liou “Microgas turbine engine characteristics using biofuelThe Hilltop Review, 5, 40-50 (2011).

2010:

Y.Yang and W.W.Liou, “A reduced-order general continuum method for dynamic simulations of carbon nanotubeInternational Journal for Nanotechnology and Molecular Computing, 2 (3), 1-24 (2010).

T. Liu, J.Montefort, W.W.Liou, and S.Pantula, “Post-Stall flow control using a flexible fin on airfoilAIAA Journal, 48, No. 6, 1235-1247 (2010).

Y.Yang, W.W.Liou, J.Sheng, D.Gorsich, S.Arepally, “Physics-Based simulations of fluid/structure/dynamics interactions in scenarios associated with blast20th Annual Ground Vehicle Survivability Symposium, U.S. Army TARDEC, 18-19 August 2010.

Y.Yang, B.Morris, and W.W.Liou, “Preliminary numerical analysis of valve fatigue in a checkball pump for driveline applications,” SAE 2010 Commercial Vehicle Engineering Congress, Rosemount, Illinois, 5-8 October 2010. SAE 2010-01-2008.

P.Anusonti-Inthra, W.W.Liou, A.Baumann, and K.Kacynski, “Virtual testing and simulation methods for aerodynamic performance of a heavy duty cooling fan SAE 2010 Commercial Vehicle Engineering Congress, Rosemount, Illinois, 5-8 October 2010. SAE 2010-01-1925.

Y.Yang and W.W.Liou, “Computational study of compressive loading of carbon nanotubes,” Computational Science and Its Applications-ICCSA 2010, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Pt II, pp. 25-43. 2010.

M.-H.Lu and W.W.Liou, “Implicit large-eddy simulations of rough-wall turbulent channel flows,” AIAA 40th Fluid Dynamics Conference and Exhibit, Chicago, Illinois, 28 June-1 July 2010. AIAA-2010-5024.

Y.Yang and W.W. Liou, “A reduced-order general continuum method for dynamic simulations of carbon nanotube51st AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, Orlando, Florida, 12-25 April 2010. AIAA-2010-2898.

M.-H. Lu and W.W. Liou “Two-layer model for implicit large-eddy simulations using a high-order compact scheme,” 48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 4-7 January 2010. AIAA-2010-1101.

2009:

M.-H. Lu and W.W. Liou “A new second-order closure for rough- wall turbulent flows using the Brinkman equationComputers and Fluids 39, 626-639 (2009).

W.W. Liou and M.-H. Lu “Rough wall layer modeling using the flow Brinkman equationJournal of Turbulence, 10, 1-24 (2009).

W.W. Liou, Y. Peng, P. Parker, “Analytical modeling of capillary flow in tubes of nonuniform cross sectionJournal of Colloid and Interface Science, 333, 389-399 (2009).

M.-H. Lu and W.W. Liou, “A new two-equation closure for turbulent flows over rough walls using the Brinkman equationAIAA Journal, 47, No.2, 386-398 (2009).

T. Liu, J. Montefort, W.W. Liou, S. Pantula, Y. Yang, Q. Shams “Post-Stall flow control using a flexible fin on airfoil,”, 47th AIAA AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL, 5-8 January 2009. AIAA-2009-1106.

S. Pantula, M.-H. Lu, W.W. Liou, “Calculations of turbulent flow around airfoils with attached flexible fin using an immerse boundary method,” 47th AIAA AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL, 5-8 January 2009. AIAA-2009-0721.

M.-H. Lu and W.W. Liou, “Numerical study of roughness effects on a NACA0012 airfoil using a new second-order closure of the rough wall layer modeling,” 47th AIAA AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL, 5-8 January 2009. AIAA-2009-0052.

T. Liu, W.W. Liou, and M. Schulte “Aeroship: A hybrid flight platformJournal of Aircraft, 46, 667-674 (2009).

2008:

W.W. Liou and M.-H. Lu, “Rough wall layer modeling using the Brinkman equation,” (Invited) 5th AIAA Theoretical Fluid Mechanics Conference, Seattle, Washington, 23-26 June 2008. AIAA-2008-4241.

M.-H. Lu and W.W. Liou, “Numerical study of roughness effects on a NACA0012 Airfoil using a new rough wall layer modeling,” 38th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference and Exhibit, Seattle, Washington, 23-26 June 2008. AIAA-2008-4404.

M.-H. Lu and W.W. Liou, “A second-order closure for the new rough wall layer modeling using the Brinkman equation in turbulent boundary layers,” 38th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference and Exhibit, Seattle, Washington, 23-26 June 2008. AIAA-2008-4405.

M.-H. Lu and W.W. Liou “New Rough Wall Layer Modeling Using the Brinkman Equation in Turbulent Boundary Layers,” 46th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, 7-10 January 2008. AIAA-2008-0649.

W.W. Liou, T. Liu, J. Montefort, S. Pantula, and Q. Shams.  “Extended Trailing Edge: Experimental and Computational Studies,” (Invited) Oral only. 46th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, 7-10 January 2008. AIAA-2008-0683.

2007:

M.-H. Lu and W.W. Liou, “Assessment of two low-Reynolds-number k-ε models in turbulent boundary layer with surface roughness

 

 
 Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, 44, No.6. pp.1307-1316 (2007).

T. Liu, J. Montefort, W.W. Liou, and S. Pantula. “Static extended trailing edge for lift enhancementJournal of Aircraft, 44, 1939-1947 (2007).

W.W. Liou and S. Pantula. “Unsteady flow calculation for flexible thin plate,” 37th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference and Exhibit, Miami, Florida, 25-28 June 2007. AIAA-2007-4339.

T. Liu, J. Montefort, W.W. Liou, and S. Pantula. “Static extended trailing edge for lift enhancement: Experimental and Computational Studies,” 3rd Internationa Symposium on Integrating CFD and Experiments in Aerodynamics, Colorado Springs, 20-21 June 2007.

D.R. Gonzalez, M.Sanford, W.W.Liou, and R. Hixon, “Acoustic response modeling of energetics systems in confined spaces,” Accepted for SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, Modeling and Simulation for Military Applications, Orlando, FL, 9-13 April 2007.

M.-H. Lu and W.W. Liou, “Assessment of two low-Reynolds-number k-ε model in turbulent boundary layer with surface roughness

 

 
 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 8-11 January 2007. AIAA paper 2007-1448.

W.W. Liou and C-H Leong, “Gas turbine engine testing education at Western Michigan University,” 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 8-11 January 2007. AIAA paper 2007-703.

W.W. Liou, S. Pantula, T. Liu, J. Montefort, and D. Ludens, “Simulation of cylinder with a flapping element attached to its end,” 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 8-11 January 2007. AIAA paper 2007-1309.

D.R. Gonzalez, W.W. Liou, and R.Hixon, “Turbulent flow predictions using a high-order CAA code,” 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 8-11 January 2007. AIAA paper 2007-1453.

2006:

T.Liu and W.W.Liou, “Terrestrial and planetary aeroship,” AIAA 24th Applied Aerodynamics Conference, AIAA paper 2006-3922.

W.W.Liou, K. Ro, and H.Szu, “Interaction field modeling of mini-UAV swarm,” SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, Modeling and Simulation for Military Applications, Orlando, FL, SPIE paper 6228-23 (2006).

Y. Fang and W.W. Liou, “Toward the development of information preservation and its statistical scattering for DSMC,” 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, AIAA paper 2006-1191.

2005:

H. Szu, N. Xing, W.W.Liou, and K. Ro, “Nanotechnology applied to aerospace and aeronautics: Swarming,” AIAA Infotech@Aerospace, Alington, Virginia, 26-29 September 2005. AIAA paper 2005-6933.

Y.Yang, W.W.Liou, “Comparison of computational and experimental aerodynamics results for a WMU solar car model  2005 SAE World Congress, SAE 2005-01-1910.

Y.Fang, W.W.Liou, and G.A.Bird, ``DSMC Collision Separation Distance Effects on the Pattern Formation of Stationary Microflows,” 43th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, Jan. 10-13, 2005.  AIAA 2005-0681.

2004:

W.W.Liou, Y.Fang, and G.A.Bird, ``Direct numerical simulation of a forced micro Couette flow using DSMC,” 24th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics, PortoGiardino, Monopoli, Italy, July 10-16, 2004.

C.H. Leong, J. Jacob and W.W. Liou, ``Development of a Turbojet Engine Lab for Propulsion Education,” 40th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, July 11-14, 2004. AIAA 2004-4085.

Y.Fang, W.W. Liou, and G.A. Bird, ``Three-Dimensional simulations of Rayleigh-Benard Convection by DSMC,” 37th AIAA Thermalphysics Conference, Portland, OR, June 28-July1, 2004. AIAA 2004-2671.

Y.Fang, W.W. Liou, and G.A. Bird, ``DSMC simulations of disturbance dynamics in a forced chaotic flow," 34th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference, Portland, OR, June 28-July1, 2004. AIAA 2004-2546.

W.W. Liou, Y.Fang and G.A. Bird, ``Forced Couette flow simulations using DSMC," 42nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV 5-8 Jan. 2004. AIAA 2004-0596. 

W.W. Liou and Y.Fang, ``Forced Couette flow simulations using DSMC,"  Physics of Fluids, 16 (4211-4200) 2004.

Fengjun Liu and W.W. Liou, ``Numerical calculation of the transitional flow over a hydrofoil," 42nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV 5-8 Jan. 2004. AIAA 2004-0596.

2003:

W.W. Liou, Y.Fang and G.A. Bird, ”DSMC simulations of forced chaotic flows," 33rd AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference, Orlando, FL, June 2003. AIAA paper 2003-3595.

W.W. Liou, F. Liu, Y.Fang and G.A. Bird, ``Navier-Stokes and DSMC simulations of forced chaotic micro flows," 33rd AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference, Orlando, FL, June 2003. AIAA paper 2003-3583.

W.W. Liou and F. Liu,``Compressible linear stability of confluent wake/boundary layers," AIAA Journal, 41, No.12, 2349-2356 (2003). Also, 33rd AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference, Orlando, FL, June 2003. AIAA paper 2003-4141.

W.W. Liou and Y.Fang, ``Modeling of the surface roughness effects for microchannel flows," 33rd AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference, Orlando, FL, June 2003. AIAA paper 2003-3586.

F.Liu, W.W.Liou, and R.D.Joslin,``Numerical simulations of confluent wake/boundary layer flows,"  AIAA 41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, 6-9, January 2003. AIAA paper 2003-0623

W.W.Liou, Y.Fang ,and G.A. Bird, ``Three-dimensional vortical flow simulations using direct simulation Monte Carlo method,," AIAA  41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, 6-9, January 2003. AIAA paper 2003-1288.

Y. Fang, W.W.Liou, and X. Xu, ``Skin friction prediction for high-speed turbulent boundary layer with ablation," Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, 41 (893-895) 2004. Also, AIAA  41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, 6-9, January 2003. AIAA paper 2003-1250.

2002:

Y. Fang and W.W.Liou, ``Computations of the flow and heat transfer in microdevices using DSMC with implicit boundary conditions," Journal of Heat Transfer, 124, Issue 2, 338-345 (2002).

W.W.Liou and Y. Fang, ``Bursting frequency predictions for compressible turbulent boundary layers," AIAA Journal, 41, No.6, 1022-1028 (2003). Also, AIAA 40th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, 14-17, January 2002. AIAA paper 2002-0576.

Y. Fang and W.W.Liou, ``Microfluid flow computations using a parallel DSMC code," AIAA 40th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, 14-17, January 2002. AIAA paper 2002-1057.

2001:

W.W.Liou and Y. Fang, "Heat transfer in microchannel devices using DSMC,"  Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 10, 274-279 (2001).

W.W.Liou and F. Liu, “Spatial linear instability of confluent wake/boundary layers," AIAA Journal, 39, No. 11, 2076-2081 (2001).

Y. Fang and W.W.Liou, ``Predictions of MEMS flow and heat transfer using DSMC with implicit boundary conditions," AIAA 35th Thermophysics Conference, Anaheim, CA, 11-14, June 2001. AIAA paper 2001-3074.

Y. Fang and W.W.Liou, ``The development of a Burnett equations solver for microfluid flow and heat transfer simulations," AIAA 31st Fluid Dynamics Conference, Anaheim, CA, 11-14, June 2001. AIAA paper 2001-3046.

2000:

W.W.Liou and F. Liu, "Computational modeling for the  transitional flow over a multi-element airfoil."   AIAA 18th Applied Aerodynamics Conference, Denver, CO, August 2000, AIAA paper 2000-4322.

W.W.Liou and Y.Fang, "Implicit boundary conditions for Direct Simulation Monte Carlo method in MEMS flow predictionsComputer Modeling in Engineering and Sciences, 1, 119 (2000).

W.W.Liou, G.Huang, and T.-H.Shih,  "Turbulence model assessment of shock wave/turbulent boundary-layer interaction in transonic and supersonic flows." Computers and Fluids, 29, 275-299 (2000).

W.W.Liou, Y.Fang, and R.S. Baty, "Bursting frequency prediction in turbulent boundary layers," International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, 10, 862-876 (2000).

1999:

W.W.Liou and F. Liu, "Computational modeling for the flow over a multi-element airfoil."   AIAA 17th Applied Aerodynamics Conference, Norfolk, VA, June 1999, AIAA paper 99-3177.

F. Liu and W.W.Liou "A new Approach for eliminating numerical oscillations of Roe family of schemes at sonic points."   AIAA 37th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, January, Reno, NV., AIAA paper 99-0301.

1998:

W.W.Liou and T.H. Shih, " Modeling of shock wave/turbulent boundary-layer interactions," AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE 34th Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, July 1998, AIAA paper 98-3244.

1997:

W.W.Liou and T.H.Shih, "Bypass transitional flow calculations using a Navier-Stokes solver and two-equation models," 33rd AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, July 6-9, 1997, AIAA paper 97-2738.

A. Yoshizawa, W.W.Liou, N. Yokoi, and T.H. Shih, "Modeling of compressible effects on the Reynolds stress using a Markovianized two-scale method," Physics of Fluids, 9, 3024-3036 (1997)

T.H. Shih, J. Zhu, W.W.Liou, K.H. Chen, N.S. Liu, and J.L. Lumley, "Modeling of turbulent swirling flows" Turbulent Shear Flow XI,  NASA TM 113112 (1997).

1996:

A.Norris, W.W.Liou, and J. Deur,"Calculations of turbulent reacting flows in can combustors," 32nd AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, July 1-3, 1996, AIAA paper 96-3169.

1995:

W.W.Liou, T.H.. Shih, and B.S. Duncan,"A multiple-scale model for compressible turbulent flows," Physics of Fluids, 7, 658-666 (1995)

T.H. Shih, W.W.Liou, A.Shabbir, Z.Yang, and J.Zhu, "A new k-e eddy viscosity model for high Reynolds number turbulent flows", Computers and Fluids, 24, 227-238 (1995).

W.W.Liou and T.H. Shih, "Transonic turbulent flow predictions with new two-equation turbulence models,"13th AIAA Applied Aerodynamic Conference, 1995, AIAA paper 95-1805.

W.W.Liou and P.G. Huang,"Calculatios of oblique shock wave/turbulent boundary-layer interactions with new two-equation turbulence models," ASME FED-Vol 224, 123-130.(1995).

1994:

P.G. Huang and W.W.Liou,"Numerical calculation of shock-wave/boundary-layer flow interactions," NASA TM 106694 (1994).

 

W.W.Liou, "Linear instability of curved free shear layer," Physics of Fluids, 6, 541-549 (1994).

1993:

T.H.Shih, W.W.Liou, A.Shabbir, Z.Yang and J.Zhu, "A vorticity dynamics based model for the turbulent dissipation," NASA TM106177 (1993).

1992:

W.W.Liou and P.J. Morris, "Weakly nonlinear models for turbulent mixing in a plane mixing layer," Physics of Fluids, 4, 2798-2808 (1992).

W.W.Liou and P.J. Morris, "The eigenvalue spectrum of the Rayleigh equation for a plane shear layer," International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 15, 1407-1415 (1992).

W.W.Liou, "A new energy transfer model for turbulent free shear flow," NASA TM 105854 (1992).

1991:

W.W.Liou and T.H.Shih,"On the basic equations for the second-order modeling of compressible turbulence," NASA TM 105277 (1991)


Invited Lectures


“Physics-Based Engineering Computations,” Invited Lecture, New York University, 25 March 2013.

“Predicting the Perfect Storms – The Evolution of Complex Calculations,” Invited Lecture, Graduate College, Western Michigan University, 7 April 2010.

“Sciences and Engineering in Land and Aerial Vehicles Research,” Invited presentation in American Chemistry Society, 2 March 2010.

“Rough Wall Layer Modeling using the Brinkman Equation,” Invited paper in Turbulent Boundary Layer, 5th AIAA Theoretical Fluid Mechanics Conference, Seattle, Washington, 23-26 June 2008.

 “Career Development/Building a Successful Research Program,” Grant Development Workshop, Office of the Vice President For Research, Western Michigan University, January 18, 2008.

 “Extended Trailing Edge: Experimental and Computational Studies,” Invited paper in Further Case Studies in the Fluids Information Triad, 46th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, 7-10 January 2008.

 “Globalization in Engineering-Automotive,” Invited speaker in Engineering for the Global Market: Automotive Excellence. 26th American Society of Engineers of Indian Origin (ASEI) National Convention, McLean, VA, Aug. 31-Sept 1, 2007. 

 “Center for Advanced Vehicle Design and Simulation,” Invited luncheon speaker, Engineering Leaders Conference, DANA Corporation, Commercial Vehicle Systems, May 30, 2007.

 “Microfluid Dynamics” Invited paper in 24th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics, Bari, Italy. July 10th-16th, 2004.

"Computational Modeling of Turbulent Flows" given to a short course on Advances in Computational Fluid Dynamics, Louisiana Tech University, June 1996.