Documentary Modes (a la Nichols)

Poetic—emphasizes texture, rhythm


Expository—“explains” with the purpose of offering logical argument


Observational—sense that the camera “watches” the subject; human beings—and their actions and interactions-- are the emphasis


Participatory—emphasizes the relationship between filmmaker and subject  (*alternative term:  “direct cinema”)


Reflexive—the process of making the film becomes the subject that is documented (“cinema verite”)


Performative—emphasizes the emotional and personal life of the filmmaker


Primary:  Discussion



1.  mode of presentation


--“observational” style and technique?

--hand-held camera; long takes; selective focus; evidentiary editing?


2.  arguments and issues

--view(s) of candidates

--the process itself?