Some key references to Chemical Ecology.

(Organized according to the schedule and in chronological order - the "*" indicates that SM has the reference, otherwise the references are in the WMU library, except for those marked"*")

 

A. INTRODUCTION

1) Introduction to CHEMICAL ECOLOGY:

 

Historical background:

*Dethier, V.G. 1954. Evolution of feeding preferences in phytophagous insects. Evolution 8: 33-54.

*Fraenkel, G. 1959. The raison d'źtre of secondary plant substances. Science 129: 1466-1470.

*Ehrlich, P.R., and P.H. Raven. 1964. Butterflies and plants: a study in coevolution. Evolution 18: 586-608.

*Brower, L.P. 1969. Ecological chemistry. Scientific American 220: 22-29.

*Whittaker, R.H., and P.P. Feeny. 1970. Allelochemics: Chemical interactions between species. Science 171: 757-770.

*Rothschild, M. 1973. Secondary plant substances and warning colouration in insects. Pp 59-83 in, H. van Emden (ed.) Insect-Plant Interactions. Symposia of the Royal Entomological Society of London.6 Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.

 

 

Relevant volumes:

*Sondheimer, E., and Simeone, J.B. (eds.) 1970. Chemical Ecology. Academic Press, New York. 336 pp.

*Wood, D.L., Silverstein, R.M., and Nakajima, M. (eds.) 1970. Control of Insect Behavior by Natural Products. Academic Press, New York. 345 pp.

*Harborne, J.B. (ed.) 1972. Phytochemical Ecology. Academic Press, London. 272 pp.

*Gilbert, L.E., and Raven P.H. (eds.) 1975. Coevolution of Animals and Plants. University of Texas Press, Austin. 246 pp.

*Wallace, J.W., and Mansell, R.L. (eds.) 1976. Biochemical Interaction Between Plants and Insects. Recent Advances in Phytochemistry 10: Plenum Press, 425 pp.

*Harborne, J.B. (ed.) 1978. Biochemical Aspects of Plant and Animal Coevolution. Academic Press, London, 435 pp.

*Rosenthal, G.A., and Janzen, D.H. (eds.) 1979. Herbivores: Their Interaction with Secondary Plant Metabolites." Academic Press, New York, 718 pp. (Second edition in press as 2 volumes due in 1992).

*Bell, W.J., and Cardé, R.T. (eds.) 1984. The Chemical Ecology of Insects. Sinauer, Sunderland, 524 pp.

*Spencer, K.C. (ed.) 1988. Chemical Mediation of Coevolution. Academic Press, San Diego, 609 pp.

*Rosenthal, G.A., and Berenbaum, M.R. (eds.) 1991 & 1992. Herbivores. Their Interactions with Secondary Plant Metabolites. Vols I & II. Academic Press, San Diego.

*Roitberg, B.D., and Isman, M.B. (eds.) 1992. Insect Chemical Ecology. An Evolutionary Approach. Chapman & Hall, New York, 359 pp.

*Harborne, J.B. 1993. Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry. Fourth Edition. Academic Press, London & San Diego, 318 pp. (course text).

*Cardé, R.T., and W.J. Bell. (eds.) 1995. Chemical Ecology of Insects 2. Chapman & Hall, New York, 433 pp.

*Eisner, T., and J. Meinwald (eds.) 1995. Chemical Ecology: The chemistry of biotic interaction. National Academy Press, Washington, 214 pp.

*Romeo, J.T., Saunders, J.A., and Barbosa, P. (eds.) 1996. Phytochemical Diversity and Redundancy in Ecological Interactions. Recent Advances in Phytochemistry 30: Plenum Press, 319 pp.

*Karban, R., and Baldwin, I.T. 1997. Induced Responses to herbivory. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 319 pp.

 

B. CHEMICAL ECOLOGY OF PLANT-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS

 

2) The abiotic environment:

Fitter, A.H., and Hay, R.K.M. 1987. Environmental Physiology of Plants. 2nd edition. Academic Press, London.

Levitt, J. 1980. Responses of Plants to Environmental Stresses. 2nd edition, 2 vols. Academic Press, London.

Luckner, M. 1990. Secondary Metabolism in Microorganisms, Plants and Animals. 3rd edition. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

 

C. COMMUNICATION

 

3) Plant-animal (Mutualistic or antagonistic):

Bonner, J.T. 1984. The evolution of chemical signal-receptor systems (from slime moulds to man).  Pp. 1-15, in Oxford Surveys in Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 1, R. Dawkins & M. Ridley (eds.). Oxford University Press, Oxford.

 

Pollination (mutualistic?):-

*Gilbert, L.E., and Raven P.H. (eds.). 1975. Coevolution of Animals and Plants. University of Texas Press, Austin. 246 pp. (several papers)

*Lewis, A.C., and Lipani, G.A. 1990. Learning and flower use in butterflies: Hypotheses from honey bees. Pp. 95-110, in E.A. Bernays (ed.) Insect-Plant Interactions. Vol.II. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

 

"Green leaf volatiles" (antagonistic signals of herbivory/indirect mutualism):-

*Lewis, W.J., and Tumlinson, J.H. 1988. Host detection by chemically mediated associative learning in a parasitic wasp. Nature 331: 257-259.

Dickens, J.C., Jang, E.B., Light, D.M., and Alford, A.R. 1990. Enhancement of insect pheromone responses by green leaf volatiles.  Naturwissenschaften 77: 29-31.

•Whitman, D.W., and Eller, F.J. 1990. Parasitic wasps orient to green leaf volatiles. Chemoecology 1: 69-75.

 

4) Animal-animal (Mating; social structure):

*Ritter, F.J. (ed.) 1979. Chemical Ecology: Odour Communication in Animals. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp.

*Bell, W.J., and Cardé, R.T. (eds.) 1984. The Chemical Ecology of Insects. Sinauer, Sunderland, 524 pp (several papers)

*Boppré, M. 1986. Insects pharmacophagously utilizing defensive plant chemicals (pyrrolizidine alkaloids). Naturwissenschaften 73: 17-26 (also see, •Boppré, M. 1990. J. Chem. Ecol. 16: 165-).

*Gosling, L.M., and McKay, H.V. 1990. Scent-rubbing and status signalling by male mammals. Chemoecology 1: 92-95.

 

D. COMPETITION

 

5) Animal competition (Competition for mates, space, food, resources etc.):

*Bell, W.J., and Cardé, R.T. (eds.) 1984. The Chemical Ecology of Insects. Sinauer, Sunderland, 524 pp (several papers - competition is included under pheromonal communication in the "chemical-mediated spacing" section, eg. Prokopy et al.)

 

For marine systems see:

Scheuer, P.J. (ed.) 1978. Marine Natural Products: Chemical and Biological Perspectives. Academic Press, New York.

Fenical, W. 1982. Natural products chemistry in the marine environment. Science 215: 923-928.

Valiela, I. 1984. Marine Ecological Processes. Springer-Verlag, New York, 546 pp.

 

Note: we could include chemical defenses as a kind of indirect animal competition mediated via natural enemies - see the following references:

 

*Huheey, J.E. 1984. Warning coloration and mimicry.  Pp. 257-297, in Bell, W.J., and Cardé, R.T. (eds.) 1984. The Chemical Ecology of Insects. Sinauer, Sunderland.

*Kerfoot, W.C., and Sih, A. (eds.) 1987. Predation: Direct and Indirect Impacts on Aquatic Communities. University Press of New England, Hanover. 386 pp. (section II)

 

6) Plant competition (Review allelopathy):

Putnam, A.R., and Tang, C-S. (eds). 1986. The Science of Allelopathy. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 317 pp.

Karban, R., Adamchak, R., and Schnathorst, W.C. 1987. Induced resistance and interspecific competition between spider mites and a vascular wilt fungus. Science 235: 678-680 (an intriguing example of competition).

Inderjit, Dakshini, K.M.M., and Foy, C.L. (editors) 1999. Principles and practices in Plant Ecology. Allelochemical interactions. CRC Press, Boca Raton, 589 pp. (QK898.A43 P75 1999).

 

E. TROPHIC INTERACTIONS

 

7) Plant-pathogen (Include fungal, bacterial and viral pathogens of plants; also plant parasites like mistletoes etc.):

*Edwards, W.G.H. 1972. Orobanche and other plant parasite factors. Pp. 235-248, in, Harborne, J.B. (ed.), Phytochemical Ecology. Academic Press.

*Levin, D.A. 1976. The chemical defenses of plants to pathogens and herbivores. Annual Review of Ecology & Systematics 7: 121-159.

Bailey, J.A., and Deverall, B.J. (eds.) 1983. The Dynamics of Host Defence. Academic Press.

Callow, J.A. (ed.). 1983. Biochemical Plant Pathology. Wiley, Chichester.

 

8) Plant-insect:

*Levin, D.A. 1976. The chemical defenses of plants to pathogens and herbivores. Annual Review of Ecology & Systematics 7: 121-159.

*Feeny, P.P. 1976. Plant apparency and chemical defense. Recent Advances in Phytochemistry 10: 1-40.

*Rhoades, D.F., and Cates, R.G. 1976. A general theory of plant herbivore chemistry. Recent Advances in Phytochemistry 10: 168-213.

*Duffey, S.S. 1980. Sequestration of plant natural products by insects. Annual Review of Entomology 25: 447-477.

Wood, D.L. 1982. The role of pheromones, kairomones and allomones in the host selection and colonization behaviour of bark beetles. Annual Review of Entomology 27: 411-446.

*Berenbaum, M. 1983. Coumarins and caterpillars: a case for coevolution. Evolution 37: 163-179.

*Coley, P.D., Bryant, J.P., and Chapin, F.S.III 1985. Resource availability and plant antiherbivore defense. Science 230: 895-899.

*Mattson, W.J., Levieux, J., and Bernard-Dagan, C. (eds.). 1988. Mechanisms of Woody Plant Defenses Against Insects: Search for Pattern. Springer-Verlag, New York. 416 pp.

Staal, G.B. 1986. Antijuvenile hormone agents. Annual Review of Entomology 31: 391-429.

*Brattsten, L.B., and Ahmad, S. (eds.). 1986. Molecular Aspects of Insect-Plant Associations. Plenum Press, New York. 346 pp.

*Berenbaum, M.R. 1990. Plant consumers and plant secondary chemistry: past, present and future. Pp. 285-307, in Oxford Surveys in Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 7, D. Futuyma & J. Antonovics (eds.). Oxford University Press, Oxford.

 

The role of symbiotes:-

•Campbell, B.C. 1989. On the role of microbial symbiotes in herbivorous insects. Pp. 1-44, in E.A. Bernays (ed.) Insect-Plant Interactions. Vol.1. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

 

9) Plant-vertebrate:

*Arnold, G.W., and Hill, J.L. 1972. Chemical factors affecting selection of food plants by ruminants. Pp. 72-101, in Harborne, J.B. (ed.) Phytochemical Ecology. Academic Press, London.

*Bryant, J.P., and Kuropat, P.J. 1980. Selection of winter forage by subarctic browsing vertebrates: The role of plant chemistry. Annual Review of Ecology & Systematics 11: 261-285.

*Lindroth, R.L. 1988. Adaptations of mammalian herbivores to plant chemical defenses. Pp 415-445, in K.C. Spencer (ed.), Chemical Mediation of Coevolution. Academic Press, San Diego. (includes role of symbiotes in vertebrates).

 

10) Animal-animal:

*Brower, L.P. 1969. Ecological chemistry. Scientific American 220: 22-29.

*Rothschild, M. 1973. Secondary plant substances and warning colouration in insects. Pp 59-83 in, H. van Emden (ed.) Insect-Plant Interactions. Symposium of the Royal Entomological Society of London. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.

*Pasteels, J.M., Grégoire, J-C., and Rowell-Rahier, M. 1983. The chemical ecology of defence in arthropods. Annual Review of Entomology 28: 263-289.

*Evans, D.L., and Schmidt, J.O. (eds.) 1990. Insect Defenses: Adaptive mechanisms and strategies of prey and predators. State University of New York Press, Albany N.Y.

 

11). Tritrophic interactions:

*Price, P.W., Bouton, C.E., Gross, P., McPheron, B.A., Thompson, J.A., and Weis, A.E. 1980. Interactions among three trophic levels: Influence of plants on the interactions between insect herbivores and natural enemies.  Annual Review of Ecology & Systematics 11: 41-65.

*Malcolm, S.B., and Brower, L.P. 1989. Evolutionary and ecological implications of cardenolide sequestration in the monarch butterfly. Experientia 45: 284-295.

*Malcolm, S.B. 1990. Chemical defence in chewing and sucking insect herbivores: plant-derived cardenolides in the monarch butterfly and oleander aphid. Chemoecology 1: 12-21.

*Rowell-Rahier, M., and Pasteels, J.M. 1990. Phenolglucosides and interactions at three trophic levels: Salicaceae-Herbivores-Predators. Pp 75-110, in E.A. Bernays (ed.) Insect-Plant Interactions. Vol. II. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

*Malcolm, S.B. 1992. Cardenolide-mediated interactions between plants and herbivores.  Pp. 251-296 in G. Rosenthal and M. Berenbaum (eds.) Herbivores: Their Interactions with Secondary Plant Metabolites. 2nd edition, Vol. 1: The Chemical Participants. Academic Press.

 

F. COMPARISONS OF CHEMICALLY MEDIATED INTERACTIONS

 

13). Defence and natural enemy foraging (Compare defence and foraging in plants, invertebrates and vertebates):

*Feder, M.E., and Lauder, G.V. (eds.). 1986. Predator-Prey Relationships. Perspectives and Approaches from the Study of Lower Vertebrates. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

*Malcolm, S.B. 1990. Mimicry: status of a classical evolutionary paradigm.  Trends in Ecology and Evolution 5(2): 57-62.

*Malcolm, S.B. 1992. Prey defence and predator foraging. Pages 458-475 In, M.J. Crawley (editor), Natural Enemies: The population biology of predators, parasites and diseases. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.

 

14). Terrestrial and aquatic systems:

*Whittaker, R.H., and P.P. Feeny. 1970. Allelochemics: Chemical interactions between species. Science 171: 757-770.

*Fenical, W. 1982. Natural products chemistry in the marine environment. Science 215: 923-928.

*Kerfoot, W.C., and Sih, A. (eds.) 1987. Predation: Direct and Indirect Impacts on Aquatic Communities. University Press of New England, Hanover. 386 pp. (especially section IVA).

 

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