ECE 3200 Electronics II

Summer I 2012
improved [after semester] 9 January 2014

The online version of this syllabus at http://homepages.wmich.edu/~miller/ECE3200.html provides hyperlinks and will be updated as needed.  In case of conflict, information in this syllabus supersedes all other course documents.

 

Instructor

Dr. Damon A. Miller, Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Western Michigan University, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Parkview Campus, Room A-240, 269.276.3158, 269.276.3151 (fax), damon.miller@wmich.edu, www.homepages.wmich.edu/~miller/.

Office Hours

Guaranteed office hours are posted on Dr. Miller’s door and at http://homepages.wmich.edu/~miller/. Please respect my office hours. Other times are available by appointment.

Laboratory Instructor

Laboratory sessions are held in the Electronics Laboratory, Room B-216, CEAS. Your instructor will provide office hours in lab.

Mr. Shengfeng Chen
shengfeng.chen@wmich.edu

Lab Section #1

MW 3:30-6:10

Lab Section #2

TR 1:30-4:10

 

WMU Catalog Description

ECE 3200 Electronics II (3-3), 4 hrs.  Design, analysis, simulation, and laboratory evaluation of electronic amplifiers, filters, and nonlinear signal shaping circuits composed of transistors, diodes, and integrated circuits. Transient response and steady state frequency response behavior for both small and large signal excitation conditions. Amplifier macro-model description and synthesis is introduced.

 

Acknowledgements

 

Some lecture notes (and figures) may be verbatim from the course text or references.

 

 

 

ECE 3200 Course Learning Outcomes

 

This course develops an ability to[1]:

1.      design, analyze, simulate, and build amplifiers, wave shaping circuits, compensators, feedback systems, and oscillators using non-linear devices (diodes, BJTs, MOSFETs) and ICs (operational amplifiers);

2.      translate nonlinear devices and integrated circuits into equivalent circuits that are composed of linear elements (equivalent resistance, equivalent capacitance, equivalent inductance, current sources, and voltage sources);

3.      specify design criteria (gain, input resistance, output resistance, time and frequency responses);

4.      locate and interpret component datasheets;

5.      select components, interpret terminal characteristics of components, model components, design circuits, and understand circuit operation;

6.      document a circuit design;

7.      use application software (e.g. LTspice, MATLAB™) for simulating circuits with non-linear devices;

8.      use laboratory equipment (oscilloscopes, function generators, multimeters) to verify circuit operation;

9.      test circuits and identify the likely errors and failure modes and find ways to minimize the errors and failures;

10.  thoroughly and accurately document laboratory using effective technical communication skills; and

11.  understand the dynamics of a group and to effectively function in a group.

 

Textbook and Materials

Required:

1.      A. S. Sedra and K. C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, 6th ed., Oxford University Press, 2009.

2.      K. C. Smith, Laboratory Explorations for Microelectronic Circuits Fourth Edition, Oxford University Press, 1998.

3.      R. R. Gejji, J. Gesink, and D. A. Miller, Electronics II (ECE 3200) Laboratory Manual. This manual is accessible online at http://homepages.wmich.edu/~miller/ECE3200.html. It is your responsibility to check the manual for updates as the semester progresses.

4.      J. E. Aaron, Little, Brown Essential Handbook, Longman, 2010 (7th edition).

5.      Linear Technology, LTspice IV, available at no cost at http://www.linear.com/designtools/software/.  This software will be used to simulate circuits and is available in the CAE center and in the ECE 3200 laboratory.  You are responsible for ensuring access to a working copy.

 

SPICE EXAMPLES

 

a.       VCCS example (problem 4.43 from Nilsson and Reidel Electric Circuits 8th ed.)

b.      CCCS and CCVS example (problem 4.51 from Nilsson and Reidel Electric Circuits 8th ed.)

c.       VCVS example (simple operational amplifier model)

d.      Chua’s “Simple” Chaotic Circuit (need NationalSemiconductorModels.lib that contains model of LM741 from National Semiconductor)

6.      A high level mathematics software suite is required. Pick one and master it for use throughout your academic and professional career.

a.       The MathWorks®, MATLAB® & SIMULINK® (student version).  This is a tremendous value as this package includes many toolboxes and blocksets that must be purchased separately for use in a professional version. Use this opportunity to learn MATLAB®; this is one of the most widely used software packages, especially in electrical engineering, available in the CAE center.

b.      Wolfram Research, Mathematica®.  This is a remarkable, unified symbolic approach to computing.  Visit http://www.mathematica.com/ to see some of the extraordinary capabilities of this package developed by Stephen Wolfram.

c.       MapleSoft®, MapleTM , available on main campus.

Particularly needed in the laboratory:

7.      Digital multimeter, available from IEEE student branch. Assistance with operation of other multimeter models other than those sold by the IEEE will not be provided.

8.      Breadboard, available from the IEEE student branch.

9.      Laboratory notebook, permanently bound, not loose leaf, 8.5 inches x 11 inches, 60 pages minimum, quadrille ruled (each page has a square grid), no carbon paper pages.

10.  Ruler

11.  Calculator

12.  Pen

13.  Bring course textbook to lab.

14.  Safety glasses meeting ANSI Z87.1. Students will not be admitted to the lab without safety glasses.

 

Recommended:

  1. Student Reference Manual for Electronic Instrumentation Laboratories, S. Wolf and R. F. M. Smith, Pearson Prentice Hall, 1990 (1st ed.) or 2004 (2nd ed.).  Available for checkout in the ECE office with a valid ID.

References:

  1. A. S. Sedra and K. C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th eds., Oxford University Press.
  2. C. K. Alexander and M. N. O. Sadiku, Fundamentals of Electric Circuits, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill, Boston, 2009. Available in bookstore.
  3. J. W. Nilsson and S. A. Riedel, Electric Circuits, 8th ed., Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.
  4. J. A. Cadzow and H. F. Van Landingham, Signals, Systems, and Transforms, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, 1985.
  5. John Fiske Brown, Engineering Report Writing, United Western Press, revised 3rd edition, 1989. Available for checkout in the ECE office.
  6. W. Kester, What the Nyquist Criterion Means to Your Sampled Data System Design, Analog Devices Tutorial MT-002.  Available at analog.com.
  7. National Instruments, Analog Sampling Basics, available at ni.com.
  8. A. S. Sedra and K. C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, 4th ed., Oxford University Press, 1998.
  9. Weisstein, Eric W. "Fourier Series." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource. http://mathworld.wolfram.com/FourierSeries.html
  10. M. E. Van Valkenburg, Analog Filter Design, Oxford University Press, 1995.
  11. R. Mancini (Editor in Chief), Op Amps for Everyone, Texas Instruments, August 2002, available at www.ti.com/lit/an/slod006b/slod006b.pdf

Course Policies

Academic Honesty

General:

“You are responsible for making yourself aware of and understanding the policies and procedures in the Undergraduate and Graduate Catalogs that pertain to Academic Honesty. These policies include cheating, fabrication, falsification and forgery, multiple submission, plagiarism, complicity and computer misuse. [The policies can be found at http://catalog.wmich.edu under Academic Policies, Student Rights and Responsibilities.] If there is reason to believe you have been involved in academic dishonesty, you will be referred to the Office of Student Conduct. You will be given the opportunity to review the charge(s). If you believe you are not responsible, you will have the opportunity for a hearing. You should consult with your instructor if you are uncertain about an issue of academic honesty prior to the submission of an assignment or test.” — provided by the Professional Concerns Committee of the WMU Faculty Senate

Plagiarism:


For an in-depth definition and discussion of plagiarism, see http://www.ohio.edu/linguistics/info/plagiarism.html.
That website includes tutorials on how to insure that you never plagiarize another’s work.

 

Grading Basis

  1. Examinations (2 or more plus final): 60%
  2. Homework and Quizzes (announced or unannounced): 10%
  3. Laboratory:  30%

You must earn at least a “C” in the laboratory to pass ECE 3200.  OUTSTANDING WORK might earn extra credit.  The first student to report an error in any material prepared by Dr. Miller will earn extra credit.

 

Scale: 0-60 E | 60-65 D | 65-70 DC | 70-75 C | 75-80 CB | 80-85 B | 85-90 BA | 90-100 A |

A midterm grade, if assigned, serves only as an indication of your progress in the course, and should not be considered as a predictor of your final grade.  All course work must be completed individually except as noted.

Other

Students are expected to attend all lectures (note possibility of unannounced quizzes) and to be on time (assignments are collected at the beginning of class). Electronic devices are to be turned off (unless there is a safety issue) during lecture unless arrangements have been made with the instructor.

LABORATORY

 

Lab attendance is mandatory. Only under extremely unusual circumstances will make-up laboratories be considered.  Religious observances will be accommodated with advanced notice.  If an emergency prevents you from attending a laboratory, contact your instructor PRIOR to the lab or as soon as you can reach a telephone, e-mail terminal, etc. If the instructor cannot be reached directly, leave a message with the department (276-3150).  Failure to adhere to this policy will result in zero credit for the lab and any other activities (e.g. quizzes) conducted in lab on the day of the absence.

 

While experimental data is collected in groups, all other laboratory activities must be completed individually.  Additional laboratory requirements will be presented in the first laboratory meeting.

 

Grading Basis

 

Your laboratory grade will be determined using the following evaluation criteria:

 

1.      Laboratory technique including demonstration of an ability to make appropriate observations and accurately and satisfactorily record observations and data in writing in a laboratory notebook (50%). Lab notebooks provide a convenient and professional method of organizing and storing your lab work and records.  Your laboratory notebook will be evaluated several times during the semester for neatness, organization, technical accuracy, and completeness.  Specific guidelines for the notebook will be provided in the laboratory.  Unless otherwise indicated, pre-lab assignments must be completed in your lab notebook before coming to lab. Each laboratory must be initialed by the lab instructor. Signatures will be made in only two cases:

a.       the laboratory is complete including the results section (LAB COMPLETE signature);

b.      the lab session is over (IN PROGRESS signature). For this case a second LAB COMPLETE signature is required by the end of the next lab session.

Laboratory notebooks are due several times during the semester as announced in lab and/or via email to wmich.edu email addresses.  You must notify your lab instructor as soon as possible if you miss a lab notebook submission deadline.  Late notebooks will not be accepted without this immediate notification.

2.      Pre-lab assignments and/or quizzes and/or post-lab assignments (30%). Quizzes are closed book; however, you may use your laboratory notebook on quizzes. Sources of quiz questions include previous labs and the current week’s pre-lab assignment and may require calculations. Pre-lab assignments are due at the beginning of lab.  Post-lab assignments are due when noted.

3.      Laboratory report(s) (20%). Report(s) will be assigned in lecture and (as with homework) are due at the beginning of lecture.

 

Failure to follow safe laboratory procedures as described in lab will result in failure in the course.

 

EXAMINATIONS AND QUIZZES will be closed-notes closed-book unless otherwise noted. You must have a WMU issued ID with you at the exam.

 

Only under extremely unusual circumstances will make-up examinations and quizzes be considered.  If an emergency prevents you from attending a scheduled examination or quiz, contact your instructor PRIOR to the test or as soon as you can reach a telephone, e-mail terminal, etc. If the instructor cannot be reached directly, leave a message with the department (276-3150).  Failure to adhere to this policy will result in zero credit for the exercise.

 

Use of Calculators:  Without exception only models accepted by the Fundamentals of Engineering Examination may be used; see http://www.ncees.org/Exams/Exam-day_policies/Calculator_policy.php for a list of approved calculators.

HOMEWORK

 

ALL homework assignments will be announced in class and/or posted online. Homework assignments with missing or illegible names will not receive credit and may or may not be returned.

 

Students must maintain a homework folder that is brought to each class. Assignments will be randomly collected from the homework folder perhaps without prior warning. Homework due dates will be given in class. Homework is due at the beginning of lecture.  Each homework problem must be worked on separate page(s).  LATE HOMEWORK will not be accepted, except under extraordinary circumstances. Homework is to be completed individually.

 

Homework should normally be done on 8 1/2'' by 11'' sheets. “Engineer's Pad” sheets are preferred.  Solutions must be done in a neat, structured, logical, and orderly manner with frequent brief notations enabling the grader to readily verify the author's source of information, steps taken, sources of formula, equations, and methods used. USE THE PARTIAL CHECK LIST FOR SUBMITTED HOMEWORK BELOW.  Papers failing to meet these guidelines may not be graded and may be returned, with or without an opportunity for resubmission with a penalty.

 

PARTIAL CHECK LIST FOR SUBMITTED HOMEWORK

 

1.      Each problem must include: (a) author's name, (b) name/title of the assignment, and (c) date of completion

2.      Use only one side of the paper and include a brief and concise statement of the problem prior to its solution. Begin each problem on a new page.

3.      Number the pages and DOUBLE SPACE the text.

4.      Staple each problem in the upper left corner as needed.

5.      Entitle graphs, label and include axes, include key symbols for multiple curve graphs, and give brief notes of explanation where appropriate.

6.      Briefly but clearly annotate your document in a way which will provide the document reader with information such as

a.       which part of the assignment is this?

b.      what is being done and why?

c.       how was it done and what are the results?

d.      how was this equation obtained and how was it used?

e.       sample calculations and definitions of symbols/parameters where appropriate; and

f.       BOX AND LABEL ANSWERS.

 

Course Schedule
(a tentative schedule for the semester was provided in class; the online schedule will be frequently updated as the semester progresses)

 

class #

date

topic

assignments

WEEK 1

NO LAB

     1 

5/7

course and lab introduction

 

What is electronics?

sampling of continuous time signals;

analog and digital signals; A/D and D/A converters; aliasing; a “typical” electronic system

read syllabus, review CH 1 (S&S), read Appendices A and E of S&S

 

read Analog Devices tutorial MT-002 “What the Nyquist Criterion Means to Your  Sampled Data System Design” by W. Kester available at http://www.analog.com/

read “Analog Sampling Basics” available at http://www.ni.com/white-paper/3016/en

 

read all documents related to LAB 1

 

install LTspice from http://www.linear.com/designtools/software/

 

acquire safety glasses meeting ANSI Z87.1

 

Do you have a multimeter for lab?

 

HW #1 DUE 5/16
Use LTspice to plot equation 1.2 of S&S for five terms; do this by using series connected voltage sources of the appropriate frequencies and phases.

 

Appendix E:  1, 2, 3

NO LAB SESSION:  5/7 and 5/8

     2 

5/9

linear systems; frequency spectrum; RMS; Fourier series applications

 

LTspice and LAB 2 preparation

read CH 2 (S&S) and Appendix E (S&S)

 

read http://mathworld.wolfram.com/FourierSeries.html

 

LAB 1:  SafetyAndEquipmentFamiliarizationLaboratory.pdf

ECE3200LaboratoryManualFrontMatter.pdf

ECE3200LaboratoryGuidelines.pdf

 

Prelab due at beginning of lab.

Lab exercises due 5/18 at beginning of class.

     3 

5/11

Guest:  Sarah Hagen, CEAS Advising

 

Amplifiers:  Characteristics, Models, and Frequency Response

ADD TO HW #1:  S&S CH 1: 44, 45, 57, 76


WEEK 2

     4 

5/14

Single Time Constant Networks

Steady State and Transient Response;  Oscilloscope Compensation Circuit

 

LAB 2:  PassiveBandpassFilterDesign.pdf

f0=1kHz;Q=0.3;Tp=-10.5dB

 

Example: UsingLTspiceToPrepareBodePlot.asc

"Bode Plots by hand and by MatLab" (external link)

 

Mathematica® notebook (as a .pdf file) describing how to use Fourier Series to compute output of a RC circuit:  FourierSeries.nb

 

Lab exercise due 5/23 at beginning of class.

     5 

5/16

Oscilloscope Compensation Circuit; Operational Amplifiers:  Introduction, Inverting Amplifier, Input and Output Resistance, Ideal Integrator

Read CH 1 (The Op Amp’s Place in the World by R. Mancini) of R. Mancini (Editor in Chief), Op Amps for Everyone, Texas Instruments, August 2002, available at www.ti.com/lit/an/slod006b/slod006b.pdf

LAB 3:  Active Bandpass Filter Design

f0=1kHz;Q=3;Tp=25.1dB

 

NationalSemiconductorModels.lib (contains model of LM741 from National Semiconductor)

Put this file in the same directory as your LTspice schematic and put the SPICE directive “.include NationalSemiconductorModels.lib” in your schematic.  Place the “opamp2” operational amplifier model part in your schematic, right click on the part, set “SpiceModel” and “Value” to LM741/NS.  You need voltage sources for power supplies!

 

Lab exercise due 5/30 at beginning of class.

     6 

5/18

Discuss LAB 4a; Operational Amplifier Circuits:  Practical Integrator, Summer, Differentiator, Non-Inverting Amplifier, Voltage Buffer

HW #2:  S&S CH 2:  DUE 6/1: 

2, 6, 7, 8, 16, 20, 30, 46, 53, 54, 62, 67, 79, 92

WEEK 3

     7 

5/21

Discuss LAB 4b; Operational Amplifiers:  Voltmeter, Difference Amplifier, CMRR, Instrumentation Amplifier, Negative Resistance Circuit , Research Application

Read S&S CH 10: sections 1 to 2

LAB 4a:  Transfer Functions, Parameters, and Equivalent Circuits of Linear Amplifiers, Part A

R3=1k;R4=22k;R5=510;R6=56k;R7=3.3k;R8=1MEG

Lab exercises due 6/11 at beginning of class

     8 

5/23

Operational Amplifiers:  Frequency Effects and Gain/Bandwidth Tradeoff;  Operational Amplifier Circuits as Negative Feedback Systems; Sensitivity

ADD TO HW #2:  S&S CH 2:

94, 104, 107, 112, 119, 123

LAB 4b:  Transfer Functions, Parameters, and Equivalent Circuits of Linear Amplifiers, Part B

Lab exercises due 6/11 at beginning of class

     9 

5/25

Discuss LAB 4c;

Operational Amplifier Circuits:  Benefits of Feedback

 

WEEK 4

 

5/28

MEMORIAL DAY

 

NO LAB SESSION:  5/28 and 5/29

  10 

5/30

Operational Amplifier Circuits:  Large Signal Operation; DC Imperfections

 

LAB 4c:  Transfer Functions, Parameters, and Equivalent Circuits of Linear Amplifiers, Part C

Lab exercises due 6/13 at beginning of class

  11 

6/1

Operational Amplifier Circuits:  CMRR; Operational Amplifiers:  Input and Output Resistance

 

Review MOSFET Basics

 

Example MOSFET Simulations

 

Discuss LAB 4c exercise

Discuss pre-labs

Discuss LAB 5

Review/Read CH 5 S&S

 

PBF and ABF pre-lab: resubmissions due 6/11; COMPLETE INDIVIDUALLY

 

PBF and ABP exercises: resubmissions due 6/13; COMPLETE INDIVIDUALLY

WEEK 5

  12 

6/4

Discrete and IC MOSFET CS Amplifiers

Read CH 7 Introduction, 7.1, 7.2.1-7.2.3, 7.4.2, Experiment 5 of [Smith 98]

LAB 5:  Operational Amplifiers Imperfections and Applications (this is Experiment 2 of [Smith 98])

  13 

6/6

Biasing in MOS Amplifier Circuits, including the current mirror (section 5.7 of S&S)

 

CS Amplifier with a Current Source (Active) Load (in 7.2 of S&S)

 

MOS Current-Steering Circuits (section 7.4.2 of S&S)

 

CMOS Active – Loaded Amplifier
(title of E3.1 of Experiment #5  in [Smith 98])

 

Prep for IC CS MOSFET Amplifier Lab

HW #3: DUE 6/13;  S&S CH 5:  62, 71, 79, 106; CH 7: 26, 50; REDO EXAMPLE 8.5 as discussed in class

OPEN LAB

  14 

6/8

EXAM 1

Topics:  CH 1, 2, App. E, LABS 1-5, CH 10 (sections 1 and 2)

You may use on side of a 3”x5” INDEX CARD – buy an index card, do not make one. You may use an APPROVED calculator

 

The MOS Differential Pair

(section 8.1 of S&S)

Small Signal Operation

(in section 8.2 of S&S)

 

WEEK 6

  15 

6/11

Active-Loaded Differential CMOS Amplifier (in section 6.6 of S&S 4th ed. and 8.5.2 S&S 6th ed.)

 

A Two-Stage CMOS Op Amp

(section 8.6.1 of S&S)

 

Discuss LAB 7

Read sections discussed in class as listed to the left

LAB 6:  MOSFET Measurement and Applications (this is Experiment 5 of [Smith 98])

  16 

6/13

The Stability Problem (S&S section 10.10); Effect of Feedback on the Amplifier Poles (section 10.11 of S&S); Stability Using Bode Plots (section 10.12)

Read sections discussed in class as listed to the left

 

HW #4: DUE 6/20: S&S CH 10: 3, 80, 82, 83, 84, 92

LAB 7:  CMOS OP AMPS (Experiment 10 of [Smith 98])

  17 

6/15

Frequency Compensation (section 10.13 of S&S)

 

LAB 9 PREPARATION

Read sections discussed in class as listed to the left

 

Read Introduction, CH 17 S&S

WEEK 7

  18 

6/18

Basic Principles of Sinusoidal Oscillators (section 17.1 of S&S), Active-Filter-Tuned Oscillator (section 17.2.4 of S&S), Bistable Circuit and Hystersis, Bistable Multivibrators (section 17.4 of S&S), Astable Multivibrators (in section 17.5 of S&S), LM555 Timer IC (in section 17.7 of S&S)

 

 

 Read sections discussed in class as listed to the left

 

CMOS OP AMPS (continued) LAB 8:  Frequency Compensation of an Operational Amplifier

(While the frequency compensation lab is a simulation experiment, you must attend lab)

LAB 8 exercises due 6/25 (these exercises includes the only formal lab report of the semeseter)

  19 

6/20

Nonlinear Waveform-Shaping Circuits (section 17.8 of S&S); Precision Rectifier Circuits (section 17.9 of S&S), sections 17.9.1-17.9.3

 

Electronic Noise: Origins, Modeling, and Reduction

Read sections discussed in class as listed to the left

 

Read CH 10 (Op Amp Noise Theory and Applications by B. Carter) of R. Mancini (Editor in Chief), Op Amps for Everyone, Texas Instruments, August 2002, available at www.ti.com/lit/an/slod006b/slod006b.pdf

 

OPEN LAB

  20 

6/22

EXAM 2

Topics:  MOSFET material, including related labs and transistor curves, the CS AMP and MOSFET OP AMP, DC and AC calculations

 

You may use on side of a 3”x5” INDEX CARD – buy an index card, do not make one.  You may use an APPROVED calculator

 

WEEK 8

  21 

6/25

review assignments

encourage course evaluation

final exam preparation

 

LAB 9:  Oscillator Circuits

No exercises assigned.

  22 

6/27

laboratory notebooks due

FINAL EXAM

 

topics of particular interest:

plagiarism, EXAM #1; EXAM #2;

oscilloscope compensation circuit, op-amp circuits as negative feedback systems, CMOS Common Source Amplifier, CMOS op-amp, frequency compensation (e.g. FIG. 10.43 of S&S), LAB 4c exercises

 

You may use on side of a 3”x5” INDEX CARD – buy an index card, do not make one.  You may use an APPROVED calculator

 

 

Credits

 

Parts adapted/adopted from syllabi by J. Gesink and J. Kelemen. Some material is verbatim from an ECE 2100 Laboratory Manual developed by former and current ECE faculty.

 

© 2012 Damon A. Miller. All rights reserved.

 

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[1]  These learning outcomes are based directly on and are largely verbatim from a syllabus available at https://www.wmich.edu/ece/academics/courses.html by Dr. Liang Dong, former ECE 3200 course coordinator.