Practice Anatomy and Physiology Unit Quizzes

The following multiple choice questions are examples of the sorts of questions you should be able to answer.


Directions: Answer the following multiple choice questions by choosing the letter of the response that represents the best answer to the question.


1. Which of the following is a good reason for why individuals who plan to teach second grade need more than a second grade understanding of science?

A. to be an effective teacher of science, a teacher must always understand science at a higher level than he/she hopes his/her best students will attain.
B. school districts expect second grade teachers to recognize that one constraint on their course is that it must prepare children for third grade and beyond, as such, teachers must develop an understanding of how their course fits into the entire sequence.
C. it is quite likely that the difference between a teacher keeping his/her job and being laid off will depend upon that individual's willingness to teach at other grade levels.
D. all of the above.
E. none of the above.

2. Which of the following is not an important reason why future elementary and middle school science teachers need to take college level science courses?

A. to be an effective teacher of science, a teacher must always understand science at a higher level than he/she hopes his/her best students will attain.
B. developing at least a college level understanding of science is one of several overall goals the College of Education has for students in its undergraduate programs, as well as being part of a sound liberal arts education.
C. school districts will expect teachers of particular grade levels to have a global understanding of how their course fits into a child's overall education, including preparing that individual for college.
D. developing a college level understanding of science will help future teachers gain insights into what science children should learn and how best to teach it. 
E. none of the above.

3. What is the most important responsibility teachers have?

A. entertaining students.
B. explaining things well.
C. facilitating student learning.
D. promoting students' feelings of self worth.
E. maintaining order in the classroom.

4. What should a college level science teacher avoid doing whenever possible?

A. Tell students what to memorize for tests.
B. Make students feel uncomfortable by putting them in situations where they are invited to recognize the limits of their current understanding of scientific concepts.
C. Evade direct questions by students, e.g. by answering questions with questions.
D. Tell students they are wrong.
E.  B, C and D.

5. Which of the following is an accurate statement about elementary and middle school science teachers: 

A. they typically have long vacations during the summer with no professional responsibilities.
B. they get out of school promptly at the end of the school day.
C. they are not required to undergo any additional training in science (content).
D. their teaching is evaluated primarily on the basis of their abilities to explain things well and entertain children by means of "hands on" activities.
E. none of the above.

6. What is not a major goal of BIOS 170?

A. students will develop an understanding why it is important to learn biology.
B. students will being able to reflect on the nature and practice of biology as a process.
C. students will reflect on how they themselves learn biology.
D. students will learn methods for how to teach biological concepts at particular 
grade levels (K-8).
E. students will become better at making decisions regarding which biological concepts are most important for children to learn.

7. According to the author of "Learning to Drive a Car", which of the following is true about learning biology in BIOS 170 and learning to drive a car?

A. learning how to do biology/drive a car is done primarily by memorization.
B. it is possible to be a good teacher of biology/good driver instructor without actually being able to do science yourself/drive a car. 
C. whether or not you learn biology/how to drive a car is not the responsibility of your instructor. He/she can facilitate the process, but ultimately it is up to you.
D. people can learn how to do biology/drive a car by watching others do it.
E. the most important goal that is important is passing the test, whether or not you are actually capable of doing biology/driving a car is unimportant.

8. According to Popper, which of the following is false?

A. Science proceeds by induction, i.e. attempts to find evidence for theories.
B. Science proceeds by falsification, i.e. attempts to prove scientific theories false.
C. Astrology is not a genuine science.
D. Einstein's theory of gravity is a genuine science.
E. None of the above.

9. Ian Intern, a new science teacher, decides to teach a lesson on photosynthesis using a "hands on" activity. In advance of the activity, he tells his students precisely what the problem is, what methods to use, how to interpret their results, and what their answer should be. He then has his students follow his directions to the letter. Which of the following is true about Ian's lesson?

A. This is an example of science-in-the-making.
B. This example demonstrates that simply because an activity is "hands on", it may not engage children's minds in an open-ended problem solving environment.
C. This is not an example of ready-made science.
D. This example invites students to learn science as a process of discovery.
E. This example helps students appreciate the tentative nature of scientific knowledge.

10. According to "Overview of the Course", entities in biology are arranged hierarchically by contemporary biologists in terms of: 

A. the cycling of energy
B. the flow of matter
C. the flow of energy and the cycling of matter
D. the conservation and transmission of information
E. C and D

11. What is something you do not need to do eventually after the first few days of planting 
your Brassica rapa plants?
A. put in wooden stakes to support the plants.
B. water the plants by adding water directly into the soil of each cell.
C. maintain the water level by making sure that the resevoir is full.
D. pollinate the plants.
E. clean all recyclable materials and return them to my instructor.

12. With regard to the Student Conceptions Assignment, which of the following is true?
A. there is no need to do outside research in order to submit a proposal.
B. I may use a question about a function of the cardiovascular system.
C. during the interview, I should invite the child to make a concept map.
D. I should turn in the tape of my interview along with a written the transcript.
E. during the interview, I should limit myself to only the questions I have prepared in advance.

13. Which of the following is an acceptable way to correct the following concept map question?

A. Change the linking words to "is related to". B. Change both the linking words to "should help" and the concept "learning" to "students" C. Insert the word "not" in the linking words, i.e. "is not necessary for". D. Change the direction of the arrow so that it goes to the left ( <-- ) . E. Change the concept "teaching" to "internal motivation". 14. According to the article "Finding Out What Children Think", what is not problematic about the following transcript ? Interviewer: Do you know what the function of the lungs is? Child: I think they help us breathe air. Interviewer: You think it helps us take in air? Child: Yes. Interviewer: Is it because you've watched people breathe? Child: No. (mumbles) Interviewer: You're a little confused about this. Here, let me go over how the lungs with you once more. A. The interviewer used the interview to teach. B. The interviewer indicated the student mumbled during the interview. C. The interviewer used a leading question. D. The interviewer modified what the child told him/her rather than repeating it exactly. E. The interviewer apparently taught the child what the function of the lungs is and then conducted the interview. 15. Which might be an example of "science in the making": A. a teacher has students recapitulate a famous scientific experiment from the past B. a teacher invites students to identify a problem, figure out a method for resolving it, collect and interpret their own results C. a teacher restates a passage from a textbook because he thinks his students cannot make sense of it on their own D. A and B E. None of the above 16. With regard to the Student Conceptions Assignment, which of the following is true? A. the goal of the assignment is to correct a child's misunderstandings about one function of an organ system. B. the goal of the assignment is to learn what the child remembers from his/her previous classroom experiences about an organ system of the body. C. the goal of the assignment is to find out what the child thinks about a function of an organ system, regardless of how he/she came to this understanding. D. the goal of the assignment is to earn a certain number of points towards my final grade, it has little or nothing to do with preparing me for my future career . E. the goal of the assignment is to accept the child's answers without exploring the reasons that lie behind them. 17. Which of the following is not true when it comes to working with microscopes? A. they are expensive and delicate pieces of equipment. B. they should be held with two hands, by the arm and base. C. focus by moving the lens downward toward the slide. D. always begin using the highest power objective. E. C and D. 18. Which of the following is not an advantage associated with the advent of multicellularity? A. Cells in close proximity to one another may benefit from one another's activities, e.g. enzyme secretion. B. Multicellularity may help some organisms disperse spores more widely. C. Multicellularity allows the cells of organisms to specialize. D. Multicellularity makes the maintaining of an internal environment unproblematic. E. None of the above. 19. The cardiovascular system is composed of which of the following tissue types: A. Cardiac muscle, nervous tissue, connective tissue and epithelial tissue. B. Cardiac muscle, nervous tissue, connective tissue and skeletal muscle. C. Cardiac muscle tissue only. D. Cardiac muscle tissue and connective tissue only. E. None of the above. 20. Which of the following is incorrect: A.

B.

C.

D. A and B. E. None of the above. 21. With regard to the histology slides we saw last time, which of the following is true? A. blood is a tissue. B. arteries have muscle tissue, but veins do not. C. the heart is composed of skeletal muscle. D. skeletal muscle is associated with involuntary motion, smooth muscle is associated with voluntary motion. E. smooth and cardiac muscle are both striated. 22. Which of the following is not involved in maintaining homeostasis in the body? A. the interstitial fluid. B. positive feedback mechanisms. C. negative feedback mechanisms. D. the cardiovascular system. E. none of the above. 23. Which of the following is an example of a mechanism that maintains homeostasis? A. kidneys remove surplus concentrations of ions from the blood. B. when cold, the body may warm itself by involuntary contractions of voluntary muscles, i.e. shivering. C. when warm, the body cools itself by perspiring. D. in response to exercise depleting the tissues of body of oxygen, the hypothalamus sends out a signal to the heart and lungs, increasing heart rate and breathing, . E. all of the above. 24. Which of the following is an example of a reductionistic approach: A. a study of the cardiovascular system leads to insights about the functional role of the heart. B. a study of a limb's normal range of motion leads an investigator to deduce the properties of muscle tissues responsible for movement. C. the properties of cardiac muscle tissue are inferred to be the sum of the properties of the cells that compose it. D. an investigator learns about the skeletal system by studying how the organism moves in its environment. E. an investigator gains insight into the functional role of nerves by considering how the nervous system is able to transfer signals throughout the body. 25. Which of the following would produce a valid relationship if it was inserted as a concept in the following incomplete concept map:

A. positive feedback mechanism B. negative feedback mechanism C. homeostatic mechanism D. A, B and C. E. None of the above. 26. Which of the following is something you should do as part of the sheep heart dissection today? A. wear your best clothing. B. cut off all of the vessels at the base of the heart. C. bisect the heart into two halves, left and right. D. bisect the heart into two halves, artria and ventricles. E. none of the above. 27. Which of the following is true about the body after exercising? A. we get warmer. B. we perspirre. C. we have a higher heart rate. D. we get tired. E. all of the above. 28. Which of the following is not something we learned that Galen believed about the cardiovascular system? A. nutritive blood is concocted in the liver and transmitted through the vena cava to the parts of the body . B. there are invisible pores in the septum of the heart that allow blood to flow from the right ventricle to the left ventricle. C. nutritive blood is combined with inspired air, and undergoes a further concoction into vital spirits D. the venous system originates in the heart . E. vital spirits are transmitted through the aorta to the parts of the body. 29. Which of the following was considered the most progressive discipline during the Renaissance : A. biology. B. physics. C. art. D. anthropology. E. poetry. 30. Which of the following would produce a valid relationship if it was inserted as a concept in the following incomplete concept map:

A. the venous system B. the arterial system C. the heart D. atria E. blood 31. Which of the following represents a difference between arteries and veins? A. arteries are less muscular. B. arteries have valves. C. arteries originate from the ventricles of the heart. D. arteries carry air. E. C and D. 32. Which of the following is true about the shape of the heart? A. it is symmetrical. B. it is assymetrical . C. the left and right sides of the heart are about the same size. D. the upper (atria) and lower (ventricles) of the heart are about the same size. E. none of the above. 33. How many chambers does the heart have? A. one . B. two. C. three D. four . E. five. 34. Where does the pulmonary artery originate? A. the right atrium. B. the left atrium. C. the right ventricle. D. the left ventricle. E. the aorta. 35. Which of the following would produce a valid relationship if it was inserted as a concept in the following incomplete concept map:

A. the lymphatic system B. the lungs C. the heart D. the immune system E. the liver 36. Why are arteries thicker and more muscular than veins? A. arteries contain oxygenated blood B. arteries direct blood toward the heart C. arteries direct blood away from the heart D. arteries must withstand the pressure of the force of the ventricles. E. A and C. 37. Why do veins have valves but arteries don't? A. the blood in veins is blue B. veins direct blood toward the heart C. veins carry deoxygenated blood D. veins are less muscular E. blood in veins flows passively, so there is a constant danger of backflow 38. Why do the right and left ventricles differ in size? A. the right ventricle contains oxygenated blood, the left ventricle contains deoxygenated blood. B. the right ventricle contains deoxygenated blood, the left ventricle contains oxygenated blood. C. the right ventricle pumps blood to the lungs, the left ventricle pumps blood to the entire body. D. the right ventricle pumps blood to the body, the left ventricle pumps blood to the lungs. E. it depends on whether you are right or left handed. 39. Which among the following is a reason that led Harvey to conclude that blood circulates between the arterial and venous systems? A. He saw capillaries connecting the arterial and venous systems. B. He observed blood flow from the arterial to the venous system. C. He performed vivisections. D. He placed a tourniquet on the arm of a volunteer and watched what happened to the arm over time. E. He reckoned, given the amount of blood pumped per beat of the heart, if blood did not flow between the two systems, one system would be depleted of all of its blood while the other would be filled to overflowing. 40. According to "Naive Theories in Biology: Children's Concepts of the Human Body" the primary difference between a typical child's understanding and that of a scientist is: A. Children generally don't know anything about the human body. B. Children have very poorly developed concepts of the human body. C. Children have well developed concepts of the human body, that unfortunately are at odds with their ability to accept and understand a more scientific understanding. D. Children know the names of fewer parts. E. Children think that babies are delivered by storks. 41. According to "The Cardiovascular System: Children's Conceptions and Misconceptions" the best way to help students learn about the cardiovascular system is: A. Explain to children what is considered to be the correct scientific understanding of the cardiovascular system using the simplest terms and concepts possible. B. Develop a series of "hands on" activities that help children gain insight into the correct scientific understanding. C. Build off of a child's previous understanding by giving them additional terms to fill out their understanding. D. Identify the alternative conceptions children typically have about the cardiovascular system and develop activities that explicitly confront these alternative conceptions. E. None of the above. 42. With regard to the Plant Investigation Assignment, which of the following is true? A. writing up the proposal will require outside research . B. the investigation will involve a comparison of two plants, one called the control and the other called the experimental. C. the goal of the assingment is to confirm the truth of a claim already discovered by someone else. D. if the plants die shortly into the investigation, there is no need to restart . E. the remains of the plants may be discarded after they have stopped growing, there is no need to turn them into your instructor. 43. Why is it correct to refer to the heart as two pumps in one? A. it has two sides . B. it has four chambers. C. the heart pumps blood both to and from the heart. D. the heart pumps blood back and forth between the heart and the lungs, and back and forth between the heart and the body . E. it isn't correct. 44. With regard to the following table, what will happen to concentrations of nutrients as blood goes through organs in the following order reading down the table?

Organ

Nutrient Concentration

Heart

Initial Value

Lungs

Heart

Intestines

A. the concentration in the lungs will be lower, the concentration in the heart will be unchanged, the concentration in the intestines will be higher.
B. lower, unchanged, lower .
C. higher, unchanged, higher .
D. higher, unchanged, lower .
E. unchanged, lower, higher .

45. Which of the following would produce a valid relationship if it was inserted as a concept in the following incomplete concept map: 

A. heart rate B. the size of the left ventricle C. stroke volume D. A, B, and C. E. None of the above.

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Last updated on 20 Sep 2006.