This is a genealogy of a Mitchell family that migrated from Portsea, England to Wilmington, New Hanover Co. North Carolina.

"The Mitchells came to America in 1843." (Entry from the Thomas Bible, believed to be made by either Adelaide Almira nee Lavier Thomas (or her husband, John Augustus Thomas, a descendant of this family.)

Descendants of Thomas Mitchell of Portsea, England


First Generation


1. Thomas1 Mitchell. He was born in England ca. 1798-1800 according to census records and his obituary. (An entry in the Thomas Bible (below) suggests he was born in London ca. 1792. If the obituary is accurate, he may be the Thomas Mitchell, son of Thomas and Mary Mitchell born 20 May 1798 and baptized 20 Oct 1799 at St. Mary's, Portsea, Hampshire, England.) He died on 20 Sep 1871 in Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC and was buried on 21 Sep 1871 in Section J, Lot 45 Oakdale Cemetery, Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC. In various records he is referred to as a laborer, a brewer, a hat presser, a fisherman, and a farmer.

Thomas married Eliza LININGTON , daughter of Thomas and Ann nee Mew Linington, on 10 Jul 1821 at St. Mary's, Portsea, Hampshire Co. England. (LDS M062613). She was born on 12 Jul 1798 on the Isle Of Wight, England. (Census entries and her obit consistently refer to her as being born ca. 1798, exact date of birth calculated from her obituary.) She was baptized on 26 Dec 1798 at Newport, Isle of Wight, England. She died on 8 Oct 1862 in Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC. Here is a photograph of Thomas and Eliza nee Linnington MITCHELL.

"I. Thomas Mitchell born in London 1792 married Liza Linnington born in London 1795"(Entry from the Thomas Bible)

Thomas and Eliza lived in the vicinity of Portsmouth, Hampshire, England until at least 17 Apr 1836, as indicated by christening records of multiple children. They then migrated to Ingorville, France (near Le Havre) as indicated by christening records for two of their children.

Thomas and his family migrated from Le Havre, France to New York, New York, United States of America on 5 Aug 1848 aboard the ship Albany (Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1820-1897 Year 1848, M237-74; Line 7, list no 859, Page no. 4.). Thomas "Mitschell" [sic] (49 yrs old) is accompanied by his wife Eliza (49 yrs old), daughter Caroline (22 yrs old), daughter Eliza (16 yrs old), son William (14 yrs old), son Charles (12 yrs old), son Henry (8 years old) and daughter Blanche (6 months old). All passengers on the ship are identified as farmers from Bavaria who intend to reside in Michigan.

Thomas and his family appear in the 1850 census for King County in New York City, which was taken in July 1950.

CENSUS RECORDS: 1850- Thomas Mitchell (50 years old, Hat presser born in England), his wife Eliza (52, born in England), and children Caroline (23, born in England), Eliza (18, born in England), Wm. (16, "Paper boy man", born in England), Charles (14, born in England), Henry (12, born in France), Charles (1, born in New York). (1850 census for the 10th ward, King County, New York, USA)

This strongly suggests a naturalization record for Thomas Mitchell filed in the City Court of Brooklyn, NY on 19 Oct 1850 refers to him:

NATURALIZATION RECORD: "In City Court of Brooklyn. State of New York, Kings County, City of Brooklyn. SS, I Thomas Mitchell Do declare on oath, that it is my intention to become a Citizen of the United States; and so renounce for ever all allegiance and fidelity to any Foreign Prince, Potentate, State or Sovereignty whatever; and particularly to the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Sworn in open Court, this 19th day of October 1850 Thomas Mitchell..." (North Carolina Naturalization Records (Camin) - Thomas Mitchell New Hanover County 1850. Citizenship and Naturalization Records 1850-1853 New Hanover Co. CR 070 902.1)

Thomas and Eliza's obituaries both suggest they migrated shortly after the census to Wilmington (Wrightsville Sound), New Hanover Co. NC, perhaps as early as 1852. In any event, they appear in the 1860 census.

CENSUS RECORDS: 1860- Thomas Mitchell and his wife Eliza are listed in the 1860 census for Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC living next door to John Rudge (his son-in law)'s family. In this entry he is identified as a fisherman. (1860 census for Wrightsville Sound, New Hanover Co. NC)

OBITUARY: "In this town, on the morning of the 8th inst., Mrs. ELIZA MITCHELL, wife of Thomas Mitchell, aged 64 years and 2 months and 27 days, a native of the Isle of Wight, England, but a resident of Wilmington for the past ten years. The friends and acquaintenances of the family are invited to attend her funeral this afternoon at 4 o'clock, from the residence of W.E. Mitchell." (The Daily Journal, Wilmington, N.C. Wednesday, October 8, 1862, v. 12 no. 27, whole number 3408, page 3).

BURIAL RECORD: "MITCHELL, Eliza, 64 years old, died October 8, 1862. Married. Born in England and died in Wilmington, N.C. Interment in the public ground." (Haskett, Delmas. Oakdale Cemetery Records, Wilmington, NC 1852-1879 v. 1 page 154.) This is later indicated in the book as a yellow fever interment.

CITY DIRECTORIES: 1865 -A Thomas Mitchell is listed as a clerk, residing with James H. Mitchell on 4th Street between Market and Dock. (Wilmington City Directory for 1865); 1871 -A Thomas Mitchell is listed as residing on Castle Street between 6th and 7th streets. (Wilmington City Directory for 1871, page 270)

CENSUS RECORD: 1870- Thomas Mitchell is listed as residing at the home of his son, James H. Mitchell.

OBITUARY: "DIED. In this city, yesterday morning at 6 1/2 o'clock, THOMAS MITCHELL, a native of England, but for the past 25 years a resident of this place, aged 73 years and 4 months. The funeral will take place at 10 o'clock A.M. from his late residence between Sixth and Seventh Streets, thence to Oakdale Cemetery. His friends and acquaintenances are respectfully invited to attend." (The Daily Journal, Wilmington, N.C. Thursday, September 21, 1871, v. 20 no. 34, whole number 5957, page 3).

BURIAL RECORD: "MITCHELL, Thomas, 73 years old, died September 20, 1871. Married. Born in England and died in Wilmington, N.C. Interment in Section J, Lot No. 45. Lot owned by James Mitchell." (Haskett, Delmas. Oakdale Cemetery Records, Wilmington, NC 1852-1879 v. 1 page 154.)

Thomas MITCHELL and Eliza nee LINNINGTON had the following children:

	2	i.	Louisa2 MITCHELL (1822-1907)
	3	ii.	Thomas Edwin2 MITCHELL (1823-)
	4	iii.	Caroline Eliza2 MITCHELL (1826-)
	5	iv.	George William2 MITCHELL (1828-)
	6	v.	John Henry2 MITCHELL (1829-1872)
	7	vi.	Eliza2 MITCHELL (1832-)
	8	vii.	William Edward2 MITCHELL (1829-1872)
	9	ix.	Emma Jane2 MITCHELL (1836-)
	10	x.	Charles Augusta2 MITCHELL (1838-1860)
	11	x.	Henry Alfred2 MITCHELL (1839)



Second Generation


2. Louisa2 MITCHELL (Thomas1). Louisa was born on 8 Jan 1822 in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England and was baptized on 3 Mar 1822 at St. Marys, Portsea, Hampshire, England. She died after three days of paralysis on 2 May 1907 at her home on 613 Baynard St., Savannah, Chatham Co., GA and was buried at 4:30 pm on 3 May 1907 in the Laural Grove Cemetery, Savannah, Chatham Co., GA. Here are five photographs of Louisa nee Mitchell RUDGE.

She married John RUDGE, son of William and Hannah nee Taylor RUDGE, on 9 Nov 1842 in the Parish Church, West Ham, Essex Co., England. John was born on 7 Apr 1822 in West Ham (according to his son's record of birth), Essex Co. England. He was baptized on 12 May 1822 at St. George The Martyr, Southwark, Surrey. He died of yellow fever on 30 Dec 1860 in Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC, and was buried on 31 Dec 1860 in the Public Ground, Oakdale Cemetery, Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC. His marriage and also his son's record of birth refer to him as an "engineer". Here's a photograph of John and Louisa nee Mitchell Rudge. Information about John's parentage and their descendants is located here.

RECORD OF MARRIAGE: "[Year] 1842. Marriage solemnized at the Parish Church in the Parish of Westham in the County of Essex. No. 268 [When Married] November 9; [Name and Surname] John Rudge [and] Louisa Mitchell; [Age] Full Age, Full age [Condition] Bachelor, Spinster; [Rank or Profession] Engineer, (none listed); [Residence at the Time of Marriage] Westham, Westham; [Father's Name and Surname] William Rudge Deceased, Thomas Mitchell; [Rank or Profession of Father] Engineer, Brewer. Married in the Parish Church according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church, After Banns by me, R. H. Howard. This Marriage was solemnized between us, John Rudge [and] Louisa Mitchell, in the Presence of us, Thomas Adams and Hannah Adams."

Louisa and her husband John lived in St. George in the East, Middlesex England for a short time and then migrated to Le Havre, Seine Maritime, France, where according to tradition (referred to by Kenneth Rudge Wilson Jones) John worked on the rebuilding and repair of the port. There is a record of their son John William's birth in Le Havre, Seine Maritime, and also their daughter Mary Louisa's birth in Nantes, Loire Atlantique, France. (The latter record suggests John was not present at the birth of his youngest daughter.)

Baptism records for their first three children suggest that John and Louisa migrated to Le Havre, Seine Maritime, France shortly after their marriage with several other members of their family, including John's older brothers William and Edward, his older sister Sarah Elizabeth nee Rudge Pollington, their families and Louisa's parents, Thomas and Eliza Mitchell. They returned to the parish of St. George in the East, Middlesex, England, as witnessed by records of the deaths of two of their children, and then returned to Le Havre, where according to tradition (referred to by Kenneth Rudge Wilson Jones) John worked on the rebuilding and repair of the port. There is a record of his son John William's birth in Le Havre, Seine Maritime, and also their daughter Mary Louisa's birth in Nantes, Loire Atlantique, France (noted below). The family appears in the 1851 census for Nantes.

A "laving up list" (reference 120j27292) of the crew of the steamboat "La Bretagne", which was built in Le Havre in 1843 and engaged in offshore coastal traffic between Nantes and Lisbon under Captain Blanchent refers to John as follows: Left from the port of Nantes on 29 May 1854 and returned on 14 August 1854, John Rudge, chief mechanic, living in Nantes, born in Great Britain, age 39 years old, Hair and eyebrows blond, high forehead, ordinary nose, middle mouth, heavy chin and oval face. Wages 250 francs per month."

"As you already know our great grandfather (your great great) John William Rudge was born in Le Havre, (France) while his father was engaged as an engineer in the rebuilding of the port. I have a daguerreotype of him and his older brother Thomas taken there, probably in about 1852-1855. I also recall that when they entered this country they came to Philadelphia first, then Savannah. There may be records of entry there in the immigration office. Mamma Carrie (my grandmother) and Aunt Kate always kept little bits of French phrases that they used to hear as children from this episode." (letter from Kenneth Rudge Wilson Jones to David Rudge 20 Mar 1983)

A descendant, William Jerome Rudge Jr. claimed that the early Rudges, like other immigrants, were trying to get away from poor economic conditions, "crooks and robbers" from England, outcasts who came for a new start. His daughter in law, Beverly Anne Cook Rudge, distinctly remembers him telling about the family's immigration from England. Someone was carrying a little boy up a gang plank The boy fell into the ocean and was fished out by someone, thus ensuring the Rudges made it to America."

I have located an immigration record that appears to refer to our John Rudge and his family. They arrived at the port of New York on 6 Nov 1858 aboard the ship Wm. Frothingham, which set sail from Le Havre. On the ship's manifest are listed John Rudge (age 36), Louise Rudge (age 36), Mary Rudge (age 8) and John Rudge (age 6). An image of this immigration record is located here.

John and his family appear in the 1860 census for Wrightsville Sound (Wilmington), New Hanover Co. NC taken in August next to his in-laws, Thomas and Eliza nee LINNINGTON MITCHELL. John and his wife are both listed as 38 years old and born in England; his son John William and daughter Mary Louise are listed as 11 and 9 years old respectively, both born in France.

OBITUARY: "In this town, on the morning of the 30th inst., Mr. JOHN RUDGE, aged 38 years and 9 months. The friends and acquaintances of the family are invited to attend the funeral, from his late residence on Second street (next door to Wm. Mitchell's), at 3 o'clock this afternoon, 31st inst." The Daily Journal, Wilmington, N. C. Monday December 31, 1860, v. 10, no. 97, whole number 2867, p. 3. (Essentially the same obituary appears in The Wilmington Daily Herald, Wilmington, N. C. for Monday December 31, 1860 and also The Wilmington Journal, 3 Jan 1861, v. 17, no. 19.)

After the death of her husband (ca 1860-61) Louisa and her children migrated to Columbia, Richland Co. SC , where, according to an application for membership into the United Daughters of the Confederacy written by her granddaughter (Kate Irma Rudge) transcribed below under the entry for her son, John William, ran away from home to join the Confederacy. Why she moved to Columbia and what she did during the Civil War are unclear, but in any event she and her daughter Mary Louise returned to Wilmington shortly thereafter where they reunited with her son.

CITY DIRECTORY: "Rudge, L. Rudge res. s. w. cor. Market & 7th" (William H. Bernard's Wilmington and Fayetteville Directory 1866-'7, p. 96.)

On 18 Aug 1866, Louisa and her two surviving children were received by the Grace Methodist Episcopal Church, also known as the Front Street Station M.E. Church South, in Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC "on profession of faith in Christ." She is also mentioned as a member on a list of church members dated Nov 1869 and 1870, the latter mentioning that she and her daughter were "removed by certificate in Feb 1873".

Louisa moved in with her daughter's (Mary Louise RUDGE (BANKS)) family in Wilmington, New Hanover Co., NC (1870 census), where she is referred to as "Louisa Roger" age 48. They migrated south ca. 1870-71 by way of Baxley, Appling Co., GA (1880 census), ultimately ending up in Savannah, Chatham Co. GA. Louisa appears as a separate entry in several Savannah City directories (1883, 1884, 1893, 1894, 1896-1906), most of which refer to her as the widow of J. Rudge. According to the 1883 and 1884 Savannah city directories, Louisa worked as a housekeeper for a hotel called Screvens House.[Home of commercial travel on Johnson Square. Rooms were $2.00-3.00 per night.] Louisa apparently moved around a great deal within the city, as almost no two entries in these directories give the same address. She curiously does not appear in the soundex index for the 1900 census for Savannah.

OBITUARY: "Mrs. Louisa Rudge. Mrs. Louisa Rudge died at her home No. 613 Barnard street, yesterday morning at 8:30 o'clock as a result of a stroke of paralysis which she suffered Monday. It was known from the first that she could not recover. Mrs. Rudge was 85 years of age and up to the time of her recent illness had enjoyed the best of health. She was the oldest living member of Grace Methodist Church and was an active worker in its interest. She was born at Portsmouth, Hampshire, England January 8, 1822, and came to America in 1858. She leaves behind one son, John W. Rudge of Monroe, N.C. and seven grandchildren. Mrs. R. J. Warrick, Mrs. Walter W. Metzger, Mrs. John M. Blaine, Mrs. Jule Kaufman, Miss Georgia Banks and Messrs. John S. and Robert E. Banks. Mrs. Rudge was the mother of Marie Louise Banks, who died April 18, 1906. The funeral will take place this afternoon at 4:30 o'clock from Grace Methodist Church, and the services will be conducted by the Rev. W. T. Darley, the pastor, assisted by the Rev. W. A. Nisbet of Westminster Presbyterian Church. The interment will be in the family lot in Laurel Grove Cemetery. The following will act as pall bearers: Messrs. W. W. Metzger, John M. Blaine, Jule Kaufman, John S. Banks, R. E. Banks, Harry T. Kramer, and R. J. Warrick." (Savannah Morning News Friday, May 3 1907 p. 5)

FUNERAL NOTICE: "Rudge-The relatives and friends of Mrs. Louisa Rudge are requested to attend her funeral this Friday afternoon May 3 at 4:30 o'clock from Grace Memorial Church. Interment private" (Savannah Morning News Friday, May 3 1907 p. 2)

Louisa MITCHELL and John RUDGE had children.


3. Thomas Edwin2 MITCHELL (Thomas1). Thomas Edwin was born ca. 1823 in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England and was baptized on 11 Dec 1823 at St. Marys, Portsea, Hampshire, England. He does not appear in the migration record for his parents noted above, nor the 1850 census entry. He is buried in his brother James Mitchell's plot at St. James in Wilmington, NC.

According to the Thomas Bible "Thomas Mitchell [son of Thomas and Eliza ne Linnington Mitchell] never married. - died in a war in England."


4. Caroline Eliza2 MITCHELL (Thomas1). Caroline Eliza was born ca. 1826 in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England and was baptized on 12 Mar 1826 at St. Marys, Portsea, Hampshire, England. She appears in the migration record for her parents and is also included in their 1850 census entry. She may be the Caroline Eliza Mitchell who married Joseph R. North and is buried in the Oakdale Cemetery, Wilimington, NC. If so, she died on 23 May 1859. They allegedly had three children (William, Mary and Carrie), but I note that William was born after his mother's death in Jul 1859- which suggests they were born to a second wife.


5. George William2 MITCHELL (Thomas1). George William was born ca. 1828 in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England and was baptized on 18 May 1828 at St. Marys, Portsea, Hampshire, England. He does not appear in the migration record for his parents and is not included in the 1850 census entry for his parents. If he survived, it is unclear he migrated to the U.S.

According to the Thomas Bible "George Mitchell [son of Thomas and Eliza ne Linnington Mitchell] Never married. - died in Paris when he was 22."


6. James Henry2 MITCHELL (Thomas1). James Henry was born in Dec 1829 in London, England and was baptized on 2 May 1830 at St. Marys, Portsea, Hampshire, England. He does not appear in the migration record for his parents and is not included in the 1850 census entry for his parents. James died on 22 Sep 1872 in Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC and was buried on 24 Sep 1872 in Section J, Lot 45 Oakdale Cemetery, Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC.

James married Madeline O. BURCH ca. 1854. She was born ca. 1831 in New York and died 13 Oct 1895 in Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC. She is buried in the Oakdale Cemetery, Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC.

James Henry MITCHELL and Madeline O. BURCH had the following children:

	12	i.	George William3 MITCHELL (1855-1894)
	13	ii.	Margaret E.3 MITCHELL (ca1859-)
	14	iii.	Charles Henry3 MITCHELL (1860-1861)
	15	iv.	Rose L.3 MITCHELL (ca1863-)
	16	v.	James H.3 MITCHELL (ca1865-1873)
	17	vi.	Thomas Augustus3 MITCHELL (1866-1867)

7. Eliza2 MITCHELL (Thomas1). Eliza was born in Jan 1832 in England. She appears in the migration record for her parents and is also included in their 1850 census entry. She died in Savannah, Chatham Co., GA and was buried in the Laurel Grove Cemetery, Lot 796, Savannah, Chatham Co., GA.

According to the Thomas Bible "Liza Mitchell [son of Thomas and Eliza ne Linnington Mitchell] born about 1834 educated in France."

Eliza first married Isaac Burlington LAVIER on 11 Sep 1855 in New Hanover Co. NC. He was born ca. 1837 in Wexford, Ireland. Isaac died on 15 Jun 1865 in Savannah, Chatham Co. GA. He served as a private in Company D of the 22nd Battalion of the Georgia Heavy Artillery. Eliza second married Samuel J. HASELTON on 18 Apr 1867 in Chatham Co. GA. He was born ca. 1841 in South Carolina and died in Savannah, Chatham Co. GA.


8. William Edward2 MITCHELL (Thomas1). He was born in Jun 1834 in England. He appears in the migration record for his parents and is also included in their 1850 census entry. He died on 3 Nov 1862 and was buried th same day in Section D, Lot 63 Oakdale Cemetery, Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC. He was superintendant of the gas works.

According to the Thomas Bible "William Mitchell [son of Thomas and Eliza ne Linnington Mitchell] married Mary La Graffe. They lived in New York. Had two children living in Wilmington, N.C."

William Edward married Maria A. - ca. 1855. They had the following children:

	i.	Edward James3 MITCHELL (b. 15 Jun 1857)
	ii.	Adolph3 MITCHELL (b. 26 Jul 1859)
	iii.	Eliza Athenice3 MITCHELL (b. 2 Oct 1862)

9. Emma Jane2 MITCHELL (Thomas1). Eliza was born in ca. 1836. She does not appear in the migration record for her parents and is not included in the 1850 census entry for her parents.


10. Charles Augusta2 MITCHELL (Thomas1). He was born 19 Sep 1838 in Ingorville, France. He was baptized on 21 Jun 1840 at Le Havre, France. He died on 21 Oct 1860 in Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC and was buried ca. Oct 1860 in Public Ground, Oakdale Cem., Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC.

BAPTISM RECORD: "Charles Augustus, born at Ingorville 19th September 1838; Henry Alfred, born at Ingorville 3rd November 1839; sons of Thomas Mitchell, and of Eliza his wife (late Linnington) were publickly baptized by me on Sunday the 21st June 1840. Geo M. Jukes, Chaplain" (Miscellaneous Foreign Returns of Births, Marriages and Deaths 1627-1960, microfilm RG 33/57, Nantes Vol. 1, p. 214.)

Charles Augustus appears in the migration record for his parents and is also included in the 1850 census entry for his parents.


11. Henry Alfred2 MITCHELL (Thomas1). He was born 3 Nov 1839 in Ingorville, France. He was baptized on 21 Jun 1840 at Le Havre, France.

BAPTISM RECORD: "Charles Augustus, born at Ingorville 19th September 1838; Henry Alfred, born at Ingorville 3rd November 1839; sons of Thomas Mitchell, and of Eliza his wife (late Linnington) were publickly baptized by me on Sunday the 21st June 1840. Geo M. Jukes, Chaplain" (Miscellaneous Foreign Returns of Births, Marriages and Deaths 1627-1960, microfilm RG 33/57, Nantes Vol. 1, p. 214.)

Henry Alfred appears in the migration record for his parents and is also included in their 1850 census entry.

According to the Thomas Bible "Harry Mitchell [son of Thomas and Eliza ne Linnington Mitchell] never married."


Third Generation


12. George William3 MITCHELL (James Henry2Thomas1). He was born on 26 Jun 1855 in North Carolina. George William died on 17 Sep 1894 in Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC and is buried in the Oakdale Cemetery, Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC. He was a tinner.


13. Margaret E.3 MITCHELL (James Henry2Thomas1). She was born ca. 1859 in North Carolina.


14. Charles Henry3 MITCHELL (James Henry2Thomas1). He was born on 4 Apr 1860. He died on 1 Jul 1861 in Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC and is buried in Lot 47, Section J, Oakdale Cemetery, Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC.


15. Rose L.3 MITCHELL (James Henry2Thomas1). She was born ca. 1863 in North Carolina.


16. James H.3 MITCHELL (James Henry2Thomas1). He was born ca. 1865. He died on 7 Jul 1873 in Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC and is buried in Lot 45, Section J, Oakdale Cemetery, Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC.


17. Thomas Augustus3 MITCHELL (James Henry2Thomas1). He was born ca. Sep 1866. He died on 6 Jul 1867 in Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC and is buried on 7 Jul 1867 in Lot 45, Section J, Oakdale Cemetery, Wilmington, New Hanover Co. NC.


If you recognize any of the names here and would like to contact me, here's my email address: david.rudge@wmich.edu.

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Last updated on 19 May 2012