Outdoor Collegiate Throwing Events


Outdoor Throwing Facility

To the left is the "cage" for both discus and hammer. This is used as the primary saftey precaution between the thrower and the spectators and judges. It happens very often that one little mistake will throw off the athletes balance and the implement could fly in any direction.

The cage is made up of a netting, usually held up by 5 posts. Some outdoor facilities use a metal cage that resembles cyclone fencing, but this can prove dangerous. If the thrower loses control of the implement, it may bounce off of the metal cage, and back at the thrower. With netting, the cage gives a little bit of lee way, where it absorbs most of the initial shock of the impact. In the front of the cage are gates, where one is folded in based on whether the thrower is left, or right handed in the hammer throw.

For the hammer throw, an inner ciricle is put in the discus ring to make the size of it equal to that of a shot put ring. We call these "inserts."

To the right we see the outdoor shot put ring. It is the same size as the hammer ring, but a cage is not really necessary because it doesn't travel as fast as that of the other throwing events.




Hammer Throw

Hammer throw is one of the oldest Olympic Games competitions, dating back to the 15th century. The form of the hammer has changed then to its cousin in the Highland Games, and what now is called a hammer for contemporary use.

Hammer is a very techinical event. With the implement weighing 4kg for the women, and 7.25kg for the men, it is critical to have proper form to prevent common back injuries, or injurying someone else.

To throw, you grab the handle with both hands, dominant hand on top of the other. After swinging the hammer 2-3 times around the head, you would complete a series of turns, and release the implement into the vectors on the field while remaining inside the ring.

For more in depth information about the hammer throw, click here!

To watch how this throw is performed, click here!

Discus Throw

Initially introduced into the Ancient Olympics as part of the pentathlon, this event has now taken on a competition of its own.

The men's disc weighs 2kg, and the womans weighing in at 1k, this event, although still very technical, might be considered a little less complicated than the hammer throw.

The competitor with grasp the disc with their dominant hand and attempt to throw it inside the vectors in the field as far as possible while remaining inside the circle until cleared.

For more in depth information about the discus throw, click here!

To watch how this throw is performed, click here!



Shot Put

In shot put, we originally saw men throwing stones, and even cannon balls from behind a line for sport. We saw this transform into it's cousin in the Highland Games.

A shot is a rounded metal ball, varying in size as there are no size restrictions. The men's shot weighs 7.26kg, and the women's is an even 4kg.

It must be thrown with one hand from behind a box at the front of the ring, called a toe board. It must land within vector lines for the throw to be considered legal, without falling outside of the ring during the throw.

For more in depth information about the shot put event, click here!

To watch how this throw is performed, click here!



Javelin Throw

Javelin had evolved from its everyday use of using a spear for hunting purposes. It was introduced into the Olympic Games as part as the Pentathlon. Later in 1908 it became an individual event for men, and in 1932 for women.

It is a metal-tipped, spear shapped implement weighing 800g for men and 600g for women. The implements also has to meet certain length requirments for competition.

Competitiors must run down a runway, staying between the lines, and throwing behind a line, without crossing over it until the javelin has landed in between the lines on the field. If the tip touches the ground first, it is considered a legal throw.

For more information about the javelin throw, click here!

To watch how this throw is performed, click here!






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