Bakhtiari Archaeological Finds
The high mountains of the Bakhtiari country were largely left out of the
archeological equation despite their proximity to the heartland of Mesopotamian
and Elamite civilization. Work in the region indicated the long settlement
history of these mountains. The region was utilized probably as early as
the Middle Paleolithic and certainly by the Upper/Epi-paleolithic. The
region experienced a unique Neolithic experience, exemplified by finds
at Qal'e Rostam and other Neolithic sites in the region. Villages become
increasingly common during the Early Chalcolithic, reaching a high point
during the Middle Chalcolithic. Especially exciting is evidence of "colonies"
on one of the major routes through the mountains with ties to communities
from the Central Plateau and the Khuzistan lowlands (specifically Sharak
and S 17). Much less common is Iron Age material, although the cache from
Gandomkar is especially exciting.
Iron Age Materials from Gandomkar
A cache of objects, including a series of vessels and metal objects were
stored in the Shahr-e Kord Gendarmerie station in 1978. These objects were
reportedly recently found in a grave in Gandomkar. I was allowed to photograph
and draw the objects. Unfortunately, I was unable to gain access to a stamp
seal? with a gazelle or goat's head handle, which I was able to view only
briefly. This cache manifests very close similarities to so-called Luristan
grave materials, which are common in the Pish-e Kuh, but are rarely found
in the Bakhtiari area section of Luristan (published in Zagarell 1982).
Suggested date Iron Age III.
This small vessel (ca. 9.5cm) was one of the objects reportedly
discovered in a grave cache in the vicinity of Gandomkar. This vessel is
grey in paste and surface color.
A red-ochre slipped and black-painted vessel from the Gandomkar
Small finds from the Gandomkar cache. The objects include a section of
a bronze bowl and a braclet or foot ring. Other objects not pictured included
silver and bronze vessels, silver beads, iron swords and arrow heads.
Continue to Bakhtiari
Archaeological Finds II
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