SEMINAR IN ARCHAEOLOGY

Spring 2006

1023 Moore Hall

Office Hours;  TBA or appointment

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Texts:

 Matthew Johnson  Archaeological Theory Blackwell 1999

 Ian  Hodder Archaeological Theory Today  Polity 2001

Trigger A History of Archaeological Thought

Other readings noted in text are be found in the library reserve and the departmental library.

Requirements: Be prepared for class. Do all readings at the appropriate time.  Take an active part in all class discussions.  Participation is important for the final determination of grades.

Tasks:

1) Each student will be expected to give a 35-minute presentation on one of the topics noted in the syllabus.  In consultation with me you will write up a one-page report on the presentation, which will be distributed to the class during your report.

2)Write a 20 page paper dealing with the topic you have  previously presented.  

<>3) Hand in questions for each    class discussion.  These questions should not be data or fact questions (feel free to ask those during class), but areas you would like to see discussed.

5)There will be two essay exams during the semester (mid term and final).  Each of the exams and the paper will represent 30%of the grade. The remaining 10%   will be based upon class participation.


 Objective: To give an understanding of the forces influencing archaeological history and the relationship of archaeological intellectual history to anthropology and scholarship in general. To give an understanding of the changing and varied nature of archaeological paradigms, to follow the historical conditions influencing archaeological interpretation and provide the participants with the ability to appropriately apply new techniques and approaches to archaeological problems.  

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Week 1(Jan.8)      Introduction/Assignments/

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Week 2(Jan 22)  What is Archaeology; The Role of History in Archaeology

                    Johnson Ch. 1

                    Trigger A History of Archaeological Thought Ch. 1

                    Patrik 1985; Is there an Archaeological      

                    Record in ADVANCES IN ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHOD  

                    AND THEORY, 8, pp.27 -62

Topic: Can Archaeology be objective?

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Week 3(Jan 29)  Dating and categorizing

                    Trigger ch.II -V

Topics:  From Antiquarianism to Secure Chronologies.

A)How did the ability to establish more secure chronologies (relative and absolute) change the focus of archaeology

B)New “Scientific Methods in Archaeology

C)American Systems of Cultural Categorization; How do they work?  What assumptions do they make about the archaeological record?

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Week 4(Feb. 5)  Differerent Directions in Archaeology: Soviet Archaeology and the Growth of  Functionalism

                    Trigger ch. VI -VII

                     Flannery  1972b

                    Taylor 1948

Topic:A)Taylor's (and other’s ) Critique of Archaeology

B)Functionalism in Anthropological and Archaeological Perspective

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Week 5 (Feb 12)   The 1960's and the New Archaeology/ Evolutionism

                    Johnson Ch 2-5

                    Binford 1968; Archaeological Perspectives,NEW

                    PERSPECTIVES IN ARCH.,pp.5 32

                    Flannery; Culture History vs. Cultural       

                    Process. SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, PP. 119 122.

Topics: A)Systems Theory

B)Cultural Evolutionism in Anthropology and Archaeology

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Week 6 (Feb 19) The Old "New Archaeology" and Alternative Archaeologies

                     La Motta and Schiffer Behavioral Archaeology A New Synthesis in Hodder

        Archaeological Theory Today

                    Flannery 1982;The Golden Marshalltown in     

                    AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGIST 84:256 278; L.       

                    Binford 1989;The New Arch. Then and Now in L 

                    S. Mithen Archaeological Theory… in Hodder

        Archaeological Theory Today

                    Shanks Culture/Archaeology in Hodder

        Archaeological Theory Today

 

Topic: Behavioral Archaeology; Where is it today

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Week 7 (Feb 26 ) Social Approaches/Symbolic Approaches/Critical Approaches

                     Johnson 7

                    Thomas,  Kirk in Interpretative Archaeology pp.181-223

                    Flannery  1972; The Cultural evolution of    

                    Civilizations, ANNUAL REVIEW OF ECOLOGY AND  

                    SYSTEMATICS, VOL.3, pp. 399 426.  

                    Leone, M. 1986 Symbolic, Structural and Critical Archaelogy pp. 415-438.

                    

 Topic: Social and Interpretive Archaeology

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Recess 

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Week  8 (Mar 12 ) Exam I

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Week 9 (Mar 19)  Marxist  and Neo-Marxist Approaches

                      Trigger  9

                      Johnson ch. 6

                     Zagarell, A. 1986 Trade Women  and Class in Ancient Mesopotamia

                     Marquardt; Dialectical Archaeology, in Arch. Method and Theory 4 1992

                     McGuire and Saitta 1996

                     Shanks, Tilley Reconstructing Archaeology, pp.103-134

            .       Brumfiel, E.  1994 Factions:551-567

Topic: Marxism and Archaeology (Directions in Marxism)

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Week  10 (Mar 26 )  The Archaeology of Gender/and Identity

                     Trigger 10

                    Johnson 8

                    L. Meskell Archaeologies of Identity in Hodder

        Archaeological Theory Today

                   Wright, R.  1996 Technology, Gender and Class: 79-110

                   Conkey and Gero Tensions, Pluralities and Engendering Arch 3-31

                   Costin 1996 111-142

Topics: A)History of Gender Studies

B)Gender, Race and Class-how do they interact?

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Week 11 (April 2)  Biological and Neo-Evolutionary  Approaches to Archaeology

                        Johnson 9

Mithen, 1989 Evolutionary Theory

                       Leonard Evolutionary Archaeology in Hodder

           Archaeological Theory Today                   

          Yellen 1989; The Present and the Future of   Hunter Gatherer Studies in Lamberg Karlovsky

                        (ed.)Archaeological Thought in America,  pp. 89 -103.

                      Wylie, Alison, 1985, The Reaction against Analogy, Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory,

                      Vol. 8,   pp. 63-111. Academic  Press.Series editor, Michael Schiffer.
 
Topic:A)The Critique of  Biological Approaches to Archaeology

B)Critique of Ethnoarchaeology

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Week 12  (April 9)History, Ethno-Archaeology, Spatial Studies. 

                                Johnson 10-12

                                Conkey 1990 5-17  

                                Mrozowski 1991:79-102                

                                J. Thomas Archaeologies of Place and Landscape in Hodder

                   Archaeological Theory Today

                   Yellen 1989; The Present and the Future of   Hunter Gatherer Studies in Lamberg Karlovsky

                              (ed.)Archaeological Thought in America,  pp. 89 -103.

                               Wylie, Alison, 1985, The Reaction against Analogy, Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory,

                    Vol.8,pp.63-111.Academic 

                    Press.Serieseditor,MichaelSchiffer.

Topic:  A)Utilizing Spatial Studies/Landscapes; varied methods

 

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Week 13 (April 16) Archaeology of Style/ Ethnohistory/State

                                    TBA

 

 

Papers to be handed in

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Final Exam

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Bibliography For 602

Binford, Lews R.  1989 The “New Archaeology,: Then and Now. In Archaeological Thought in America, edited by C.C. Lamberg-Karlovsky, pp.50-62. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Brumfiel, E. 1994 Distinguished Lecture in Archaeology:...American Anthropologist, vol. 94:551-567

Conkey, M.W. and J.  Gero 1991 Tensions, Pluralities, and Engendering Archaeology: An Introduction to Women and Prehistory. In Engendering Archaelogy: Women and Prehistory, ed.  By J. Gero and M. Conkey, pp. 3-30. Basil Blackwell, Oxford.

Conkey and Spector 1984, Archaeology and the Study of Gender.  Advances in archaeological theory and method,   pp.1 29

Conkey 1990 5-17Experimenting with style in archaeology: some historical and theoretical issues.  In Conkey and Hastorf (eds.) The Uses of Style in Archaeology.  Pp. 5-17

Costin, C. 1996 Exploring the  Relationship between Gender and Craft in Complex Societies: Methodological and Theoretical Issues of Gender Attribution in Wright (ed.) Gender and Archaeology pp. 111-142.

Dunnell, R1995, What Is It That Actually Evolves?, in Patrice A. Teltser, ed., Evolutionary    Archaeology, Arizona. pp.33-50.

Flannery, K.V.  1972  Culture History vs. Cultural Process: A Debate in American Archaeology. In Contemporary Archaeology. Ed by M.P. Leone Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale

Flannery  1972; The Cultural evolution of  Civilizations, Annual review of ecology and  

                    systematics, VOL.3, pp. 399 426.  

Flannery 1982;The Golden Marshalltown in  American Anthropologist 84:256 278;     

Gilman  1989;Marxism in American Archaeology in L.  Karlovsky (ed (ed.)Archaeological Thought in America, pp.63 74

Hodder, I. 1985 Post-Processual Archaeology. In Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, vol. 8, edited by M. B. Shiffer, pp. 1-26, Academic Press, New York.

Hodder, and C. Orton  (eds)1976 Spatial analysis  in archaeology, ch.4, pp.53 97;

Jones, George , Robert  Leornard, and Alysia L. Abbot, 1995 The Structure of Selectionist    Explanations in Archaeology, in   Patrice A. Teltser, ed., Evolutionary Archaeology, Arizona.  13-32

Kirk, T. 1993  Space, Subjectivity, Power and Hegemony: in  C. Tilley (ed) Interpretative Archaeology. Providence : Berg, 1993. pp.181-223

Kohl, P. L 1991 Materialist Approaches in Prehistory. Annual Review of Anthropology 10:89-118.

Leone, M. 1986 Symbolic, Structural and Critical Archaeology. In American archaeology. Past and Future, ed. D. Meltzer, D. Fowler, and J. Sabloff, pp. 415-438. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, D.C.

Marquardt; Dialectical Archaeology, in Arch. Method and Theory 4 1992

McGuire and Saitta 1996 Although they have Petty Captains…The Dialectics of Prehispanic Western Pueblo Social Organization.  American Antuquity 61: 197-213

Mithen, Steven 1989 Evolutionary theory and post-processual archaeology.

In Antiquity; a quarterly review of archaeology.  63 n 240:

Mrozowski, S.A. 1991 Landscapes of Inequality. In The Archaeology of Inequality, ed. By R. McGuire and R. Paynter, pp. 1-27. Basil Blackwell, Oxford.

Patrik, L. 1985 Is there an Archaeological Record? In Advance in Method and Theory, vol. 8 ed. By M. Schiffer, pp. 27-62. Academic Press.

Paynter, R. and Randall Mcguire 1991 The Archaeology of Inequality: Material Culture, Domination and Resistance. In The Archaeology of Inequality, ed. By R. McGuire and R. Paynter, pp. 1-27. Basil Blackwell, Oxford.

Shanks, M. and C. Tilley  1992 Reconstructing Archaeology, pp.103-134, 247-266

Thomas, J.  1993   The Hermeneutics of Megalithic Space. In C. Tilley (ed) Interpretative Archaeology pp.73-181

Willey, G. and J. Sablof 1993  A History of American Archaeology, 3rd editon, by G. Willey and J. Sabloff, pp. 214-311. W.H. Freeman and Co., New York.

Wylie, Alice 1991 Gender Theory and the Archaeological Record.  In Engendering Archaelogy: Women and Prehistory, ed.  By J. Gero and M. Conkey, pp.31-54 Basil Blackwell, Oxford.

Wright, R 1996  Technology, Gender and Class: Worlds of Difference in Ur III Mesopotamia in  Wright (ed.) Gender and Archaeology pp. 79-111

Yellen 1989; The Present and the Future of  Hunter Gatherer Studies in Lamberg Karlovsky (ed.)Archaeological Thought in America,   pp.89 103.

Zagarell, A 1986 Trade, Women, Class, and Society in Ancient Western Asia Current Anthropology 27: 415-420.