The Rise of Civilization in India and Pakistan
An 501
Winter 1998

Allen Zagarell
Room 109
Office Hours: MWF 11-12, F 2-3
Office Phone:387-3978
Requirements: Do all readings in a timely fashion. Take part in all class discussions. Each student is required to present a report, approximately 30 minutes in length and, in addition, lead a discussion, of approximately 20 minutes. This report is to be expanded into a paper (12-15 pages for undergraduates and 20-25 for graduate students). In addition there will be two examinations. The examinations and the paper will each represent 1/3 of the total grade. 
Required texts: B. and R. Allchin: 1997 The Origins of a Civilization: The Prehistory and Early Archaeology of South Asia  New Delhi (A)

F. R. Allchin 1995 The Archaeology of Early Historic South Asia (B)

General Archaeological Web Resources (see below)
Other Literature will be found in the library reserve room and/or the student lounge.  

Relevant Web Research and South Asian Resources:
INDOLOGY -- Other network resources of interest to indologists
India - Archaeology Net Links
Links to India information: History
Yahoo! Regional:Countries:India
Yahoo! Regional:Countries:Pakistan


Week one: Introduction/Assignments/Approaches to Archeology
Aug. 31              Introduction to the Internet and its Resources
                                 Geography and Environment of South Asia
Readings: Allchin (A) 10-25

Web Site: Map of Pakistan and Adjacent areas of India

Sept 7 No Class (Labor Day) 

Week Two: Approaches to S.Asian Society/Approaches to the State
Sept. 14               How Do We Understand the Emergence of South Asian Society

Readings:Dumont:Homo Hierarchicus; appendix A.
                     Southall 1988
                     Sinopoli 1994 The Archaeology of Empires

Week three: The Old Stone Ages in South Asia
Sept 21
Readings: Allchin (A) 12-88
:                     Wakankar: Painted Rock Shelters of India: 237-253

Web Site:   India - Archaeology Net Links
Reports: 1)Old Stone Age Sequences of South Asia
                   2)South Asian Rock Art
Film: South Asian Rock Art 

Week four:  Domestication and the precursors of Indus civilization.
 Indigenous Development or Borrowed?
Sept. 28
Readings: Allchin (A) 88-113
2nd reading
Reports: 3)Early Pastoralism and Sedentarism (Mehrgarh) 

Week five: The Precursors of Indus Civilization (Early Indus Period)
Oct. 5
Readings: Allchin (A) 113-125
Chakrabarti: Frontiers of Indus Civilization; Origin of the Indus Civilization: Theories and Problem:43-51
B.B. Lal: Frontiers of Indus Civilization; Some reflection on the Cultural Remains at Kalibangan:55-63
Reports:  4)Indigenous Development or Borrowed; Continuity or Radical Transformation, Conquest or Evolution? 

Week Six: Full Fledged Indus Civilization
                   Settlement Patterns, Writing, and Urban Planning
Oct. 12
Readings: Allchin (A) 125-183

Web Site: Ancient Indus 90 Slide Tour: Contents
Reports: 5) Architecture and Harappan Urban Planning
                6) Indus Regional Settlement Patterning
                7) The Indus Writing System

Week Seven: Indus Civilization. What Kind of Society
                              Trade, Crafts and the Fall of Indus Society
Oct. 19
Readings: Allchin (A) 153-223

Web Site:   Ancient Harappa in 3-D Contents
Reports: 8) Major Indus Crafts (types, distributions and systems of production)
                9) Pottery Production and the Sequence of Pottery Types
              10) Trade (External/Internal) and trading colonies
              11) The Indus System of Seals (as compared with other contemporary Sealing Systems)
              12) Is the Indus a State-Organized Society? 

Week Eight: Exam I (Essay Exam)
Oct. 26

Week Nine: Where Did the Indus Civilization Go?
                          The Decline of the Indus; the South Asian Chalcolithic
Nov. 2
Readings:   Allchin (B) 3-9, 26-40, 54-72
Reports: 13) What is the Evidence for the disappearance of the Indus Civilization ?
                14) Chalcolithic Phases (How and Where in South Asia); any hints of the Indus? 

Week Ten: The Comings of the Aryans
Nov. 9
Readings:  Allchin (B) 40-54, 75-98

Web Site:  Hymns from the Rig Veda
Reports: 15) The Historical/Documentary "Evidence" for the Coming of the Aryans (Vedic Materials)
                16) The Archaeological Evidence for the Coming of the Aryans (from where and how)

Week Eleven: Greeks, Romans, and Early Indian States
Nov. 16
Readings: Allchin (B) 187-273

Web Site:   Jainism: Principles, Sources, Images, History
                   KING ASHOKA: His Edicts and His Times
Reports: 17) Greek and Roman Influences in Early Indian Society
                18) Magadha and Mauryan Domination of South Asia
                19) Hinduism/Buddhism/Jain System of Beliefs

Week Twelve: South India,  Megalithism and the Sangam Tradition  
Nov. 23
Readings: Allchin (B)123-152,

Web Site:
Reports: 20) The South Indian Neolithic
                21) Megalithism: Origins, grave types, distributions and explanations
                22) What is the South Indian Sangam Tradition? 

Week Thirteen: The Vijayanagar Empire and Making Sense of South Asian History
Nov. 30
Readings:  Allchin (B) 329-341

Web Site:  Hampi/Vijaynagar
Reports: 23) Urban Planning and the Vijayanagar Empire
                24) The Political and Economic Structure of the Vijayanagar Empire
                25) Continuity and Discontinuity in South Asian Development 

Week Fourteen: Exam II (Essay Exam
Dec. 7-11